Beijing is the capital of China, and is situated 110 kilometers northwest of the Gulf of Bohai in the north. The city is an autonomous municipality, despite being surrounded by Hebei Province. Its area is 16,808 km2 and is surrounded by mountains to the north and west. This is a city of great history, founded over 2000 years and remains the state capital from more than 700. It is the political, cultural and intellectual, industrial and commercial heart of China, and the second largest city after Shanghai.
More than ten million inhabitants are divided into ten large urban districts and eight surrounding villages. With specific regard to the city is divided into two very distinct parts. The first is the old, previously walled. The second is the new area around the old place where government institutions, industries and residential areas.
Among the areas of interest in Beijing, The Forbidden City consists of a walled palace where the emperors lived inside of China, the imperial family and their servants. That part of town it is named because the citizens could not access it. It is on the other side of the most respected of all imperial China. At present, the Forbidden City Palace Museum containing palaces and the ancient emperors of Ming and Quing.
The Palace Museum, also called Gu Gong, is also inside the Forbidden City. It is the former residence and meeting place of the imperial family and court. It was built over half a millennium and includes a number of halls and palaces which served for official state ceremonies, as well as residence. To the west you can also find Zhongnan Hai, a walled park with several lakes, which at present serves as a residential complex in Chinese top political leaders.
But the Forbidden City is not the only point of interest in the area in which it is located, since it is part of the Imperial City. There were government agencies, temples, gardens, parks and palaces that still can be seen in large numbers. Similarly, elsewhere in the city will find plenty of monuments, palaces, temples and other vestiges of imperial China from which to speak.
Some of them have been declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO. They are the imperial palace and the imperial tombs of the Ming and Qing dynasties, the Summer Palace, the imperial garden and the Temple of Heaven.
And south of the Palace Museum and Forbidden City are Tiananmen Square, heart of the city. This is an impressive square which can hold one million people. The square was developed after the Communist revolution in 1949. It commemorates major national holidays such as National Day, October 1 that brings crowds of people were crowded into it.
At the same Tiananmen Square to the west we find the Great Hall of the People, where the National Assembly meets China. Likewise we will also find the Museum of History and the Revolution China. In the central area you can see the monument to the heroes of the people and the tomb of President Mao Zedong.
The aforementioned Temple of Heaven, also known as Tian Tan, the most famous temple in Beijing, and possibly the most beautiful. It is situated in the southern part of the city outside. There are two buildings ceremonial round coated with tiled roofs. Were formerly chapels where Chinese emperors worshiped their gods. These temples were opened to the public after the revolution. Other important temples are those of Confucius, Lama and the White Dagoba.
Element of interest is also the Summer Palace. It is situated on the northwest by the temples and parks nearby hills known as scented, which were conceived in his days as hunting areas and religious retreats. Finally, noting that in the northwestern suburbs are tombs of most emperors of the Ming dynasty, which was joined by the Animal Avenue, surrounded by camels, elephants, horses and lions marble.
Speaking of entertainment venues and outside the built environment, we can name the theaters of the People, and the Capital of Nationalities. Equally importantly, the Concert Hall for musical performances. The library of Beijing with six million volumes, the Museum of Art and Natural History, the zoo, the planetarium and observatory imperial complete a good range of leisure culture.
Finally it is worth noting only that the city has adapted to changing times and respecting the old architecture, has lifted other cutting-edge without breaking the harmony of the landscape in no time.
For this, we can say that Beijing is a place to enjoy the culture and traditional architecture with cutting-edge amenities.