Vilcashuamán, is one of the districts of the province of Cangallo, in the Ayacucho region, located 118 kilometers from the city of Ayacucho, three or four hours by car approx. On the left bank of the river Pampas is the Inca city of Vilcashuamán major Inca, as it was one of the administrative centers of Tahuantinsuyo, built after the Incas defeated the Chanca and Pocras. The city is known for its two large buildings, the Temple of the Sun and Moon and Ushno.
The Temple of the Sun and Moon, is a construction of carved and polished stone, has three terraces, on the basis of this temple was built during the colonial church of St. John the Baptist, using the foundation stone of the walls made by the Incas. Ushnu (castle ceremonial temple), is a stepped truncated pyramid consists of five overlapping platforms, the stones used in its construction is cut and assembled with great precision. At the top is the chair of the Inca, a large stone block with two seats, where the Inca and his wife or colla, observed the military and religious ceremonies at that time were held in the large square of Vilcashuamán.
Other attractions of Vilcashuamán we can see in the area are: The Palace of Tupac Yupanqui, the main square of Vilcashuamán predictions stone, the stone of sacrifice, Tupunarumi, the royal road of the Incas, Rumikanka, Pilluchu hill 6 km from the city, where there is an Inca cemetery consisting of 5 cylindrical chullpas. Eight kilometers between Vischongo Vilcashuamán and gaps are Antiqucha female and male. The forest of Puya de Raimondi is another of the most outstanding attractions in the area, is located three kilometers from the town of Vischongo, the path we must walk (about two hours of ascent), puya bromeliad is an ecologically significant therefore has the largest inflorescence of the plant kingdom, reaches a height of four to six meters only the flower and the plant grows to fourteen feet and blooms at eighty.
To reach Vilcashuamán make the overland trip, starting from the fate of New Bridge in Ayacucho, either by bus or mobility of the tourist agencies, the trip takes three or four hours by dirt road.
The climate of the area is varied due to the presence of different ecological zones, predominantly temperate, and cold.
Another attraction of the area are its festivities, beginning with the carnival, between the months of February and March, activity filled with music and dance, in addition to cortamontes. Easter, March and April, where they develop, the procession of Cristo Morado and art in the design of carpets of flowers. Inti Raymi, held on 24 June, which is staged for the festival of the sun in the archaeological complex of Inti Huatana. The feast of the Virgen del Carmen, takes place on July 16, with a procession of the Virgin, bullfights and fireworks. The Vilcas Raymi, role in the war between the Chanca and Incas, is also evident chasquis marathon.