Machu Picchu, the Inca empire

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Few images are as well known and reproduced as it shows the ruins of the city of Machu Picchu with the impressive Peñasco of Huayna Picchu in the background.

Picchu, the real name of the place before us, is a Llacta, a city dedicated to the control and administration of the various economic regions Inca. In these cities lived Inca administrators, along with officials, servants and courtiers.

But Picchu was not a more administrative hub, was the most beautiful and hidden Llacta the rule, designed to accommodate the most distinguished of the Incan aristocracy in the event of a surprise attack. In fact, their situation is far about the route of the Capac Nan (Camino Real) to avoid unwanted intrusions. And no doubt that the goal is met.

Hiram Bingham, was an American explorer and amateur archeology enthusiast Andes. For years he had tried to locate the legendary city of Vitcos, Reducto last of the Incas to conquer Spanish rebels. On July 24, 1911, accompanied by a local guide named Melchor Arteaga and Sergeant Carrasco and after hours of climbing through hills covered with forest vegetation, the three men spotted the imposing ruins of the Inca city not only trodden by the conquerors.

Two facts help to increase the flow of mystery that surrounds this city around. On the one hand, his story is a complete enigma, as the Incas, who were unaware of the deed have not left any evidence on the evolution and functions Picchu. It is suspected that the city served as a refuge for Acllas women chosen to serve the sun god, who perhaps were the last people (150 of 173 skeletons that were found in the cemetery of the city belonged to women). Due to its remoteness and inaccessibility, and after the death of the last Inca rebel, he had to be abandoned.

Moreover, no one has correctly guessed how it was built this magnificent city. The Incas, but knew the wheel, not used, so the transportation and placement of huge rocks that underlie the architecture Picchu still causing dismay of archaeologists. Like imagine stunned because of the work of hauling tons of fertile soil that fill hundreds of cultivation terraces, designed for self sufficiency in the city, and probably brought from the Lower Valley.

While Bingham and his companions to the arrival at this place hidden from Peru was an odyssey fraught with risks (had to cross the Urubamba river with a rope bridge, pass through places infested by snakes and cats to climb steep slopes), today to date, this human work can be done with relative comfort.

From the ancient city of Cuzco share a special train for tourists heading to the Inca ruins. This train leaves at seven o’clock and arrived at half past ten narrow valley to Machu Picchu. From this point you can take a bus arrives at quarter time, to 2,300 meters above sea level which is set in the megalithic city. The visit usually lasts until the usual three p.m., at which time you can have lunch in a hotel in the vicinity.

For those who want to hear deep into the living environment in which the Incas, the possibility of performing in several days, the ancient Inca trail to Machu Picchu Cusco reported. The journey can enjoy the rain forest ecosystem and discover the spectacular Andean biodiversity.

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6 Responses to “Machu Picchu, the Inca empire”

  1. Alyssa Lyndley Says:

    Machu Picchu is an amazing place, since I arrived I felt incredible because of the charm and the beauty of this place. I had the opportunity to travel last year with some friends during my vacation, and although it was a long journey the result was the best. We learned more about the history of this place and knew the customs of their inhabitants. In addition, we enjoyed the magnetism that this area irradiated. This would not have been possible without the help of the travel agency I contracted, TurPeru that arranged all our tours to make our stay the best. I recommend it; the website is if you want more information. Bye

  2. Jacob Smith Says:

    Peru is definitely a golden place, it has everything that makes you have an unforgettable vacations. I suggest to everybody to visit this beautiful country and if you go, I recommend hiring Kawsay, a travel agency that works responsible tourism and give you the opportunity to know Peru in a different way. Its website is www,perufairtravel,com

  3. Elizabeth Peterson Says:

    I spend great moments in Machu Picchu. It’s a wonderful place. But I will always remember my journey to the Amazon in Peru; it was an unforgettable experience that changes my life. If you have the opportunity to visit Peru, you must go to the Amazon and stay for at least a week to know biological reserves, parks, rivers, and its flora and fauna. Also, I want to recommend you to stay in Rainforest Expeditions, an Amazon lodges in Peru that offers the best of this part of Peru. If you want more information.

  4. Emma Thomas Says:

    Cusco has many tourist attractions and activities that tourists can make. I traveled last summer and had a good time. I did the Inca Trail that was an unforgettable experience and knew places like Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley. If you have the opportunity to travel to Peru visit Cusco, it’s an amazing place. Also, look for a good hotel. I recommend Hotel in Sacred Valley that offers great attention and good services.

  5. Machu Picchu: New Wonder of the World Says:

    […] Machu Picchu, the lord of the peaks of the Andes, has the aroma of fascination off all the cities that were lost for centuries by famine predator of the jungle, hidden among rocks and vegetation, magic on his throne, until in 1911, Bingham, the domino world to discover its wonders. Legends in a single moment became reality, years of Inca culture that showed the world at the time it reappeared Machu Picchu. […]

  6. Archeological site Vilcashuamán Says:

    […] the city of Ayacucho, three or four hours by car approx. On the left bank of the river Pampas is the Inca city of Vilcashuamán major Inca, as it was one of the administrative centers of Tahuantinsuyo, […]

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