Wonderful Lago Titicaca is, at an elevation of 3856 metres, Highest Navigable Lake in the World. The lake is so immense that it looks to be an interior sea. It is located in the southern Andes region, also identified Altiplano. This turquoise blue lake used to be the mainly sacred water in the Inca Empire. With a surface area of over 8000 sq. km (3100 sq. miles) it is South America’s biggest lake. In the south, Lake Titicaca creates a normal frontier with Bolivia.
According to the legend, this lake gave origin to the Inca civilisation. Before the Inca, the lake and its islands were sacred for the Aymará Indians, whose civilisation was centred at Tiahuanaco, now a complex of ruins on the Bolivian side of Titicaca but once an admired temple site with sophisticated irrigation techniques.
On the Northwest part of the lake is the city of Puno, the capital of Altiplano of Peru. It’s one of the places centres of Peru with a rich array of handicrafts, costumes, music, and more than 300 ethnic dances. Puno is the central point for exploring Titicaca and its islands.
The most legendary islands in Titicaca are the Uros islands. Really they are not real islands but floating islands constructed of reed, named after the Indians who inhabited them. Another (real) attractive island is Isla Taquile or Taquili. The residents of this island run their own tourist operations in the hope that the visits will not devastate their refined culture. There are no hotels on the island but the islanders liberally open their homes to travelers interested in an overnight stay, which makes visiting this island a truely exclusive experience.
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