Iran the ancient Persia

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Many travelers are passed through the head once a trip to Iran, but prevention of all types have put the kibosh on the idea. It is true that the Iranian political situation is complex, and also the Islamic Republic is based on the principles of the Koran, contained in the Sharia (Islamic law) and imposes certain respect that many people in present times, and forced to follow certain rules, some quite unpleasant as women’s clothing. And to further complicate the chances of a trip, we have imposed the idea that Iran is one of the countries forming the “Axis of Evil.” It is also true that those who have dared to travel to Iran have returned very satisfied with the experience. And a trip to the old Persia to discover a friendly people and excellent, with many topics which are removed and also can admire many monuments exceptional.

trip to Iran

Photography by Scarto

Location:

Iran, the country of Persia, is situated in southwest Asia. Located in the center of the crossroads formed by the Arab world, the great plains and the Indian subcontinent. Two oceans bathe their coasts. North Caspian, the south Indian ocean waters Gofo spread between Oman and the Persian Gulf. Much of the territory consists of an arid plateau. The Alborz mountain range is located parallel to the shore of the Caspian and its more than five thousand feet is a barrier to the moist winds from the north. To the west rise the Zagros mountains. The arid and semiarid continental climate behaves very hot summers and cold winters and cold. Snow covers the entire north and west part of the country. During the rest of the year temperatures are mild. The plain between the Caspian and the Alborz is the only wet area with a temperate climate and gentle. The best times to visit are spring and autumn Iran!

Origins:

Professes the Muslim majority in the order Shiite Islam. A small percentage is Sunni Islam, other minority is that of the Zoroastrians. There are tiny Christian communities, Armenians and Jews.

The Persians were of Aryan origin, representing 65% of the Iranian population. 20% are Turks, Iranians and Armenians, Kurds and 7% are only 3% are Arabs. Another 5% is formed by populations of halides, Turkmen, Baluchis, Bakhtiaris, afshars, guilaks, and shahsevans Qashqais.

Five thousand years ago the first cities were founded during the reign of Elam, Susa was its capital. Hurrian tribes inhabited the northeast and the center was occupied by three thousand years ago Indo-Iranian tribes (Aryans), Medes and Persians.

History of Iran

Photography by indigoprime

Some history:

Cyrus II the Great (599-529 BC) founded the Achaemenid empire, its domains ranging from modern Afghanistan to the Mediterranean. The year 521 a. C. Darius I is proclaimed King of Kings. He established his capital at Persepolis. He suffered a major setback in the battle of Marathon where the Athenians tried to dominate, despite the defeat of their empire stretched from Egypt to the Danube and the Aral Sea to the Indus River.

The son of Darius, Xerxes, defeated the Greeks at the Battle of Thermopylae and occupied Athens. Alexander the Great ended the Achaemenid power and left a power vacuum was filled by the Seleucids and the Parthians. Under the Sassanid (224-642) the Persian Empire and had returned to articulate a long period of stability was shattered with the Arab invasion.

The Seljuk Turkmen tribes of power are made between the XI and XIII century. The Empire is destroyed by the Mongol horsemen of Genghis Khan (1206). A new wave of invaders coming from the hand of Tamerlane (1380).

The Safavid dynasty (1501-1736) was able to reorganize the country, to enrich and beautify cities. The qadjars (1779-1925) kept the U.S. persists in spite of threats of imperialist powers like tsarist Russia and England.

The Pahlavi (1925-1979) were the last Persian dynasty, adopted Western ways. U.S. alliances with repressive system and led to the 1979 Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Khomeini directed.

Fought a bloody war with Iran and Iraq (1980-1988) with a balance of over one million victims.

After Khomeini’s death was reformed Constitution. The Islamic republic system controlled by the supreme spiritual leader continues. There were some signs of political opening hosted by President Khatami, but with the rise of Ahmadinejad went to ruin all hopes of political change.

Discovering the culture of Iran:

If any country to which we must go without preset ideas, this is Iran. Let us all surprised and seduced by what we find to discover the essence and mystery of ancient Persia. The Iranians are very communicative. Men and women will strive to speak with foreigners, even in signs. The sensitive nature, kind and always willing to help facilitate the approach. It’s clearly the hospitality and courtesy of the Iranians is most striking to the visitor. The friendliness is the norm and under the entire population.

Iran the ancient Persia

Photography by xiquinhosilva

Lovers of archeology and art were amazed at the historical legacy left by the Persian Empire over the centuries and some of the finest achievements of Islamic architecture. Travelers enjoy the privilege of witnessing the legacy of one of the oldest civilizations. In every corner are visible traces of the rich past.

Landmarks such as Susa and Persepolis excited. Isfahan, Yazd, Shiraz and Kerman evoke the same time that the Silk Road was the route of communication and world’s most important trade.

The visitor will find the authentic setting of the tales of thousand and One Nights. The exoticism overflowing in many cities with their imposing palaces and mosques. The real life is in their bazaars. One of the best experiences are worry and get lost in the maze of alleys and passages of any of the great bazaars. Coming out of the maze we will know better capture the identity of the Iranian people, then the rest in a tea house will be the culmination of immersion in this unique Eastern world.

Enjoy the adventures of 1.000 and a night on his trip to Iran!

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