The continental dimensions of Brazil are home to dozens of versions of the earthly paradise and one of them, perhaps the best ending is the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, a group of twenty one islands with captivating names such as Morro do Leao, Dos Irmaos Island or Cabeluda.
First described in the sixteenth century by Amerigo Vespucci and later occupied by French, Dutch and Portuguese, the islands has always been highly valued for its strategic position as a watchman in Brazil. During World War II, the surface of Fernando de Noronha was used as a natural carrier, an obscure feature that seems forgotten today from the shouting of seabirds and the peaceful life of their meager two thousand odd people. The largest island of this archipelago, located one hour and forty minutes on the American continent, is the name given to the whole island, Fernando de Noronha has an area of about 17 square kilometers, and will concentrate all its inhabitants. The spectacular natural that these islands have led to lavish its declaration as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and its protection under the concept of National Park.
The climate of Fernando de Noronha is tropical, with an average temperature of 28 ° and two distinct seasons: the dry season (September to March) and rainy seasons (April to August). The vegetation of the islands is perfectly suited to this season, so it is common to find species that are derived from its leaves during the dry period to make them sprout again, in a display of exuberance, with the arrival of the rains.
One of the most unique attractions of these islands is their importance for marine turtles (“turtles” in Portuguese), mainly for species and Carey Green. The green turtle is a magnificent animal that can reach 300 kilograms in weight, but it moves in the water as if it weighs 300 grams, during the month of November, the female turtles come to the beaches and do Leao do for Sancho deposit their eggs, from which emerge, fifty days later, hundreds of turtles that are quick to reach the sea.
The hawksbill turtle shell beautiful marbling, will not play in the archipelago, but see the water in search of food, so it is not unusual to find some examples on the seabed of the islands. Turtles are one of the main attractions of these islands, whose inhabitants live in a rational and sustainable ecotourism. In logos, shirts, toys and murals, the “turtles” have become the brand image of Fernando de Noronha.
Another star of the animals of Fernando de Noronha are the long nosed dolphin, a species characterized by its extraordinary agility, which allows you to make jumps in the air where it can reach up to seven times to spin on the axis of your body before back to water. It normally meets every sunrise dolphin in Baía dos Golfinhos, where they join hundreds of individuals of this species, to preserve the tranquility of this marine mammal behavior amazingly intelligent, Brazilian authorities have banned the movement of boats in the bay. The marine wealth of the islands is such that any tidal pool near the beach can be found dozens of species of fish, crabs, sponges and sea stars, so no need to put on his wetsuit to witness the spectacle aquatic tropical Atlantic. Faunistic other jewels of the islands are the sea birds, among which a bird known in Brazil as viuvinha black, an extremely graceful and beautiful bird, which in 1987 reached 10,630 nests counted in the entire archipelago.
Fernando de Noronha is a fragile place, so the Brazilian authorities is managed with extreme care. The stay in the islands, which have adequate tourism infrastructure, including the payment of a fee for the conservation of this pocket of paradise.