Despite being an unorthodox destination when visiting Europe, Croatia presents a variety of surprises hidden behind its tumultuous recent history, crowned by the independence war that has left ears of the country at present, currently goal of joining the European Union.
Photography by Damien Smith
Zagreb is specifically one of those great surprises that gives the country. As Dubrovnik, Croatia’s capital presents a full picture to be enjoyed activities, with the main legacy of the influence of monumental most attractive cities in Europe such as Budapest and Vienna, cities with which this region has been linked for centuries history.
As expected, Zagreb has a very small number of people, barely reaching the million and making up a quarter of the total population. But this is one of the basic ingredients that give the city a more beautiful, established by their people who are proud of the city he inherited the best of the region.
The city was created during the Middle Ages, being made at first by two separate cities with two different destinations. The first was called Kaptol, located in what is now Gornji Grad and staffed by a religious seat which is based around the Cathedral. On the other hand Gradec (the second city) was at his side, but inhabited by a large number of artisans, who lived at the expense of Kaptol. Relations between the two cities were not very good, but despite this, the neighboring residents informally called both as Zagreb (behind the hill) completely unifying.
By 1557, the settlement became part of the capital of Croatia, so that parliament would meet alternately both sites. To avoid conflicts and improve the situation, in 1850 it was decided to unify the two cities, formally creating the capital of Zagreb.
Currently, the center of the city is divided into two sectors: the already mentioned Gornji Grad and called Donji Gra sector, joining with the main square (Trg Bana Jelacica).
Photography by vxla
Gornji Grad, one of the main areas of Zagreb will go back in time, making enjoying the narrow cobblestone streets bordering the scenic light-colored facades, visiting medieval buildings (some dating from the beginning) to more recent buildings nineteenth century.
It highlights the building that houses the Parliament (Sabor), the outdoor market (Dolac) and the Mestrovic Atelier, an interesting museum that works and sketches of Croatia’s most important artist of the twentieth century, Ivan Mestrovic.
As for religious temples, highlighting the Church of San Marcos (Crkva Svetog Marka) characterized by its red tile roof and white blue (representing the shield of Croatia and Slavonia Fallacy) and Cathedral (katedrála) straight after the earthquake the year 1880 and consists of a large neo-gothic facade and two towers that characterize significantly. It can also be seen bundles of ancient times dating from the twelfth century.
Photography by Ulrich Latzenhofer
On the other hand, Donji Grad offers a different picture, filled with large gardens and facades with the seal of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from the end of the nineteenth century, arranged in a more orderly and geometric pattern. Among them, one of the most prominent buildings is the Museum of Art (Muzej Umjetnost Obrt i), housed in a building dating from 1880 which sets out large numbers of objects ranging from coins, furniture, costumes, pottery and frescoes Croatian origin, from the Baroque to the arrival of the industrial age.
After such an arduous journey, please refer to the Ban Jelacic Square (Trg Jelacica Bana), a pedestrian plaza surrounded by numerous dry fronts with strong influence of the sessesion ausrtíaca characterized by its numerous cafes and rest areas located around a statue capping the site with the figure of Jelacica Ban (Viceroy Croatian) riding on the back of his horse.
If you want to spend a couple of days in this beautiful city should take a pass called Zagrebcard, which has an unlimited pass for public transport, discounts at many museums, hotels, restaurants, hostels and rental cars. It can be purchased at any tourist office in the city and its validity is equivalent to 72 hours.