The cultural heritage of South America – Part II

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The old traditions are hand in hand with culture and heritage are left us, conservémoslo, this is everyone’s responsibility. Your trips to South America promise to give you an unforgettable experience!
6. Argentina – Jesuit Block and stays Córdoba

Colonia del Sacramento

Fotografía por danuqui

The Way of the Jesuit Estancias allows us to know, in addition to stunning works of colonial architecture, a history of special interest to the continent. The Society of Jesus was installed in Cordoba in 1599 and began performing a dizzying task of religious and labor that led to the creation of a university and several colleges. To support these institutions, the Jesuits formed productive enterprises, large agricultural and livestock facilities, with rooms built between 1616 and 1725 around a church or chapel. Some of these buildings are maintained in good condition, some have museums and are the heart of this circuit declared a World Heritage Site in 2000.

There are five rooms: Colonia Caroya, Jesus Maria, Alta Gracia, La Candelaria and Santa Catalina, the most important and one of the best examples of colonial baroque. Circuit is also part of the Jesuit Block in Córdoba, including the church of the Society of Jesus and the Rector of the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, the best place to begin sightseeing. Know the five rooms takes about three days, because they lie in different ways: it is possible to achieve three in the same trip, going north, on Route 9 (Jesus Maria, and Santa Catalina Caroya Cologne, a distance of about 180 kilometers from Córdoba capital). The entrance to the rooms will not exceed 6 pesos, and admission to the Jesuit Block is 8. Ideal is to go by car.

Estancia Jesuitica Colonia Caroya

Fotografía por TheBugplanet

7. Venezuela – University City of Caracas

In the university city concentrates much of the modern architectural heritage of the capital of Venezuela. This urban complex dating from the 50s and groups the headquarters buildings of the Universidad Central de Venezuela, the main seat of learning in the country.  Unesco declared it a heritage in 2000 by the principle of integration of the arts that guided the design of the architect Carlos Raul Villanueva. On a tour of their facilities, which can last two or three hours, you can appreciate works of artists like Alexander Calder, Victor Vasarely, Victor Valera, Oswaldo Vigas, Francisco Narvaez, Jean Arp, among others. The University also has an interesting botanical garden with 400,000 plant species, which serves as a green lung of the city. It is advisable to visit during the day (between 8 and 16), when academic activities, in order to enter buildings. To orient in the entire hall and the guides are covered square. Tours are free and can be reached by subway from Plaza Venezuela station and Ciudad Universitaria. It’s in the parish of San Pedro del Libertador municipality.

8. Uruguay – Colonia del Sacramento

Colonia is a gem and all the department stores corners as unforgettable as little known. The city embraces all that is sheltered behind the walls built by the Portuguese Manuel de Lobo, to Buenos Aires to dispute traffic on the rivers of the Plata and Paraná. For almost one hundred years, this ciudadfortaleza was invaded and negotiated. Now the invaders are tourists, who can hopefully see a show or parade wearing military historically, after touring the museums, one after another, filled with things from the colonial times.

9. Paraguay – Jesuit Ruins of Holy Trinity of Paraná

In the south, close to Encarnación and about 30 kilometers from the border with Argentina Posadas, the Jesuit ruins are in Holy Trinity of Paraná. Built in 1706 was the last reduction of this order in the country, and remains a vivid memory of those days thanks to the good condition of some buildings. With the largest church built by the Jesuits in this part of the continent, the historical district also has an impressive plaza, a school, houses of ancient indigenous inhabitants, a cemetery and an orchard. The church has an altar as impressive as its arches and columns. In the former sacristy is a museum with sculptures, and a model of the mission. Trip takes about two hours. One recommendation is to avoid the summer, the high temperatures. Most restaurants, bars and hotels in the area is in Encarnación, the third city in the level of economic importance in the country. It is connected through the bridge Roque Gonzalez de Santa Cruz, with the city of Posadas. On Route 6, which part of Encarnación (city facing Posadas), travel by car is only 20 minutes. Can also be reached by bus, departing from Encarnación to Buena Vista, Santa Rita and Ciudad del Este, and passed through Trinidad. The ruins are in the kilometer 31 of route 6.

The cultural heritage of South America

Fotografía por Gokyo

10. Ecuador – Santa Ana de los Ríos in Cuenca

In a valley of the Andes in southern Ecuador, there is Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca, a colonial city, known simply as Cuenca-founded in 1557, which maintains the original urban layout, designed by men of the Emperor Charles V. Most buildings are eighteenth century, but the architecture was upgraded with the push it gave to the economy in the nineteenth century, the export of quinine and straw hats, also known as Panama hats. Some buildings still standing in the eighteenth century, as the two cloistered convents, some of the old cathedral and a few private homes. The center has 26 buildings of monumental, 602 and 830 architectural value of environmental value. According to Unesco, which declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 1999, stands out its beautiful historical center, with a particular type of architecture and harmony republican guard with their geographical environment. With women still wash their clothes in the river Tomebamba traditional, the city is known as the Athens of Ecuador for being the birthplace of artists and has many cultural events each year. A 450 km from Quito, is the third largest city in the country. Cuenca airport receives flights daily from Quito and Guayaquil. By bus there are about ten hours from the capital and about five from Guayaquil. The roads are in acceptable condition.

Preserving the historical, everyone wins … the tourist, tourism and the country.

Continue… The cultural heritage of South America

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