The Dutch capital, Amsterdam is home to the Anne Frank House Museum. This corner of Amsterdam is full of a story told in the diary of a small Jewish family that moved to Amsterdam where I record the day to day during those years in that house and its surroundings. The museum is a place that seems endless but the queue is a must if you come to Amsterdam.
Photography by Bright Meadow
Anne Frank was one of the millions of victims of the Nazi Holocaust during World War II. When Hitler’s party came to power in 1933 in Germany, the Franks, who was Jewish, decided to move to live in Amsterdam, thinking it would be a safer place for them and their businesses. However, in 1940 the German army occupied Holland and adopted the same measures against Jews in Germany and other countries.
In 1942 the Frank family decided to hide in the house of Prinsengracht later the family would join Frank van Pels family. And the eight hidden live in that house two years until they were discovered and forced into concentration camps where most sick or die in the gas chambers.
“By day we have to always walk quietly and speak softly, lest we hear in the store.”
Anne Frank, July 11, 1942
The Anne Frank museum can see the two houses occupied by the firm of Otto Frank, the “home front” and “back home” and the floors where the Frank family hid and Van Pels. Is in hiding when Anne Frank decide to start a newspaper, where he had his thoughts, hopes and feelings, especially fear of being discovered with which families lived.
Anne Frank House
1000 AS Amsterdam
Photography by lmgadelha
Rooms in the house of Anne Frank:
The house of Anne Frank has a central hall and warehouse on the ground floor, where companies had Otto Frank. On the first floor is the office of Victor Kugler and Miep Gies offices, Jo Kleiman and Bep Voskuijl. In this report there is a television with their testimony recounting his experience working at home and bringing food to the Frank family. The staff helped in hiding him food, books and games.
It is on the top floor there is a large room that communicates with a small room with a library that serves as a revolving door of the house back. The windows were covered with opaque material so that no one could see anything from outside the house.
Bookcase that hid the entrance to the Frank family hiding:
In the apartment where the Frank family lived in hiding and Van Pels can see the rooms where Otto and Edith Frank slept with her daughter Margot, the room where they slept Anne Frank and Fritz Pfeffer, the living room and bedroom of the Van Pels family and marriage Peter van Pels.
The house is connected to the attic of the home front, where there are televisions with various statements about the last days of hiding in the house back.
On August 4, 1944, the German security service received an anonymous call alleging the presence of Jews in Prinsengracht 263. Although after the war was never known research about who betrayed the Frank family in hiding.
The people in hiding were taken to the Dutch camp Westerbork, from where he later sent to the extermination camp of Auschwitz, Mauthausen and Bergen-Belsen. Anne Frank contracted typhus in the concentration camp at Bergen-Belsen and died a few days later that her sister Margot in March 1945.
Otto Frank survived the Auschwitz death camp returned to Amsterdam in June 1945. Once there, Miep Gies gave the writings of Anne Frank Otto. This, undecided decide to read the notes of his daughter and after a while decided to publish the diary of Anne The Diary of Anne Frank was published in 1947 and translated into 65 languages worldwide. Otto Frank, also actively participated in the opening of the house behind a museum.
Photography by UnorthodoxY
The house apparently had kept the distributions at the time they were discovered and is very light to visit and imagine the conditions under which they were hiding the Frank and van Pels family. At the end of the tour of the museum is an interesting area with interactive games to learn the opinions of visitors to the museum. In the end, there is a bookstore where you can buy the book The Diary of Anne Frank.