The fifteen thousand square kilometers are home, are one of the largest concentrations of wildlife and the world’s most beautiful and evocative horizons of the African continent. For some, the Serengeti is the center of a vast African manifestation of nature that stretches across the Kenyan border, including the Park-Masai Mara on the northern banks of the River Mara.
The endless Plains. That’s what it means Serengeti, the word that the mass used to refer to this extraordinary piece of land where many have placed African paradise.
This is a land of broad horizons, whipped by the wind and the trampling of millions of animals each year starring one of the most impressive of the planet: the great migration, the movement in search of pasture and rainfall over a million wildebeest and hundreds of thousands of zebras, gazelles and antelopes.
This mobilization of dyes mythical Faunistic consumes up to four thousand tons of grass per day. But the big herbivores not walk alone these territories, adjacent to thousands of lions, leopards, cheetahs and hyenas trote tired of watching the old or sick individuals or the reluctance of some young and breeding confused: good hunting trophies for hungry herd.
The move almost to the desperate calls hauls spectacular river flows between the tumultuous passage of the wildebeest and the remarkable developments aquatic crocodiles.
Besides the animals mentioned in the Serengeti can be seen fairly easily giraffes, facóceros, hippopotamus, buffalo, baboons, hyenas, jackals, elephants and over 530 bird species, including many species of predators, ostriches and a host of herons, flamingos, kingfisher and other birds associated with the fluvial and lacustrine environment.
Human representation in the Serengeti is low but significant. It is the masai village warrior, nomad and farmer who came to the region in mid-eighteenth century and still continues to live on the eastern boundary of the park in perfect harmony with nature.
The white man’s arrival to these lands was, by contrast, dramatically, in just a late nineteenth century until the fifties of the twentieth century, gathered on the plains an endless succession of arrogant butchers who managed to almost exhaust extinction of entire species such as white rhino, which still plans to an uncertain future.
But the look of escopeteros, these people managed to slip some of exquisite sensitivity, as the German family that Grzimiek aware of the extreme situation being experienced by the fauna of the area, filmed a documentary entitled Serengeti shall not die with the aim of raising awareness among African and European societies. The film achieved its objective so that the Serengeti was declared a nature reserve by the then British colonial government. After Tanzania’s independence, the new rulers extended the length of the park and become one of the most desirable destinations on earth.
But we cannot talk without mentioning the Serengeti park pearl: the Ngorongoro. Naturalists, explorers and writers have referred to the ecosystem formed by the giant crater of this extinct volcano as one of the wonders of nature, the essence of Africa or the place of the earthly paradise. This is a vast plain of twenty miles in diameter surrounded by the rugged Crown of the volcano, whose edges rise to 2600 meters above sea level, where travelers will find a vast green meadow adorned with springs, streams, lakes and forests. The climate of the Ngorongoro avoids the extremes and has a mild climate and fresh throughout the year.
Its perimeter is constantly traversed by all sorts of animal species gather in large numbers within the vast green boiler. Headed by the Flemish, here you can find a long list made up of over one hundred species of birds that cannot be seen elsewhere in the Serengeti. Ngorongoro is also the habitat of the famous lions of black mane and the best place throughout Tanzania to observe the elusive black rhino.
Undoubtedly tourism is the place for flora and fauna of Africa.