Saint Petersburg, the historic

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Saint Petersburg has grandeur. That greatness is not limited to the territorial or demographic. The story puts this city in that they belong to the ledge where she decided to change its course.

Events that fill several volumes of world history occurred during the three centuries of life in Saint Petersburg. Those who choose the destination as a second largest city of Russia extended the largest country in the world, then choose the vein of cultural tourism.

Born in the city where the river Neva flows in the Baltic Sea, where today live more than 4 million inhabitants (not counting another 5 who reside in the metropolitan area), he settled for two centuries the Russian capital. Frederick the Great, the founder, decided to move there, the administrative center of the country. And so it was between 1712 to 1918.

Because of its location, called  “window of Europe.” Single Russian port, in addition to Kaliningrad on the Baltic. A powerful industrial center that produces textiles, chemicals and machine parts and where the Italian and French architectural influences of the eighteenth and the whole range of styles that made up the modern, the view, each in its measure. Indeed a versatile outfit that you print attractive, romantic and aesthetic diversity. Every year three million tourists staying at the luxury hotels, seduced by urban views.

A stroll along the 4 kilometers from the Nevsky Avenue, the main artery in Saint Petersburg, just to show the weight of history. The facades that frame this way, full of bridges and palaces, modernity emerged. It features historical evidence from the time of Peter the Great until the G8 meeting in 2003, coinciding with the celebration of the tercentenary of the city, through the Bolshevik revolution.

Principal witness of the revolutions of 1905 and 1917, whose effects altered the course of history, Saint Petersburg was renamed Leningrad after these events. The buildings that were erected everywhere are loaded with meaning, and are a product of the Baroque and classical airs. The joy and vibrancy of the years of revolution are mixed in the streets with the sadness of death. Since reaching a million people when the Germans laid siege to Leningrad in’41, preventing any kind of supply.

Intellectuals and creative artists from various eras were attracted by one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Sunsets of Saint Petersburg stained pale shades of the magnificence of their forms. The ambition of Peter the Great wanted this marshland was transformed into the entrance of European modernity in Russia, and left in the hands of architects Dutch, Italian and French urban delineation. Hence the many styles that coexist alongside museums, palaces of the old aristocracy, impressive temples, monuments and fantastic parks.

Communism survived numerous temples, which for years served as the Soviet stores, which include St. Isaac’s Cathedral and the renowned golden dome. In another part of the city Vladimir Tatlin, the Russian sculptor, directed the construction of the Monument to the Third International or Tower Tatlin.

The art has its special hostel Museum Hermitage (Hermitage in Russian). Within six buildings that make up the institution on the banks of the Neva, keeps the collection of paintings and antiquities of the Tsars. Three million Greek and Roman archaeological pieces, paintings and sculptures of Western European paintings eastern Russia, among others, comprise one of the most complete collections of the world, along with the Prado Museum.

The building complex includes the Winter Palace, residence of the tsars until the revolution of’17, when the Bolsheviks aimed his revolutionary ferment against the monarchy and of course against his residence. Catherine the Great commissioned the design of the mansion to Bartolomeo Rastrelli, and construction of the project, which began in 1754, took eight years. Its splendid facade extends hundreds of meters and has a Russian baroque style. An elegant building, pride, which has 1786 gates and 1945 windows. After the revolution became the seat Soviet government.

Almost all European airlines to go to Saint Petersburg. And travelers will find numerous hotels, as Okhtinskaya-Victoria, Saint Petersburg, along the Neva, the Pribaltiyskaya, on the coast of the Gulf of Finland, the Astoria, Angleterre, among others.

Good trip to Russia!

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