Lima is the capital city of Peru, is the largest and most important of the country, is also the capital of the region of the same name, is located in the central and western part of Peru, its coasts are bathed by the Pacific Ocean, comprises a coastal strip west and east borders the foothills, is bound to Callao, forming a continuous urban area. Founded on January 18, 1535 by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro. Lima has a very particular climate with high humidity and little precipitation, characteristics determined by the presence of the Humbolt Current waters and the cold of the Andes mountain range, the average annual temperature is 18.5 to 19 º C in summer temperature can reach 28 degrees Celsius from December to April. It has a dense population, about 30 percent of the national population live in cities.
The coastal area is somewhat uneven and gently undulating between the Andes and the sea, the landscape is dominated by desert plains and its coastline is adorned with islands, islets and rocks. While in the Andean area has rugged topography for being on the western slopes of the Andes. Rivers dug deep and narrow canyons that reach the desert to widen the broad and fertile valleys. Presents different geographic phenomena as the valleys, creeks, islets and islands. In the valley formed by the river Rimac, Chillon and Lurin there are several pre-Inca settlements, among which we highlight are the archaeological complex of Pachacamac, the archaeological site and the archaeological site Puruchuco Cajamarquilla. Lima, like any big city has many stores, such as pharmacies, supermarkets, banks, restaurants and shops, many of them open 24 hours a day, and that Lima has a great nightlife, and the supply of night clubs as bars and clubs in most of its districts is wide.
Lima concentrates the majority of museums in the country, prominent among them the National Anthropology Museum and the Museum of Archeology and History of Peru presents an impressive collection of pre-Columbian textiles. The city of Lima is the gateway to Peru and as such has a large tourism based on its historical center, declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1988 by the many historic buildings and archaeological sites, nightlife , art galleries, festivals and popular traditions. As for its gastronomy Lima offers a wide variety of restaurants and bars where you can taste the food and drink locally and internationally. It is noteworthy that Peruvian cuisine is widely recognized worldwide, Lima was also declared 2006 as the gastronomic capital of Latin America at the Fourth International Summit of Gastronomy Madrid Fusion. Access to Lima is performed as follows: land is interconnected by the Pan American Highway with several cities on the coast of Peru, Ecuador and Chile.
To the east the central highway allowing communication with cities in the central highlands and the jungle. By air: From the International Airport Jorge Chavez, through regular flights connecting the major cities of the world, this airport is in the Callao region approximately 30 minutes from the city of Lima. By sea: The proximity of the city Callao eventually makes cruise ships anchored in it, to enjoy the services offered by Lima. If your desire is to make cultural tourism, Lima is one of their destinations.