Ireland is a land of music and songs. They are a people who loves the pleasures big and small. If you travel to Ireland should be taken into account that travelers will never forget this unique and exemplary way. In this case, our proposal is to visit its capital, Dublin, where travelers will discover all the possibilities offered by a hospitable, friendly and cordial, in addition to relive great memories that will surely, are forged with fire in his memory.
The country has a population of 3,660,600 inhabitants. The main cities are Dublin (1,000,000 inhabitants), Cork (180,000 inhabitants), Limerick (80,000 inhabitants), Galway (60,000 inhabitants) and Waterford (45,000 inhabitants). The territory is divided into 26 Counties. Its climate is mild and winter is never too hard.
Dublin, vibrant and modern city at present, kept alive the legacy of their culture and rich history, both forged in the course of time, despite the hardships of a nation wounded by successive rulers. A stay in Dublin can be considered synonymous with peace, calm, serenity. It remains a city where I live and this adventurous spirit of its early residents. Was about V century a. C. when the Celts came to these lands. The Romans did not occur in the same way as on the continent ever since the Romans arrived in these territories inhospitable confines of the world. In 432 d. C. St. Patrick arrived in Ireland, turning the country into the heart and strength of Christian culture. Around the year 800 the Scandinavian Normans invaded the island. In the year 1014 the King of Ireland Brian Boru defeated the Vikings. In the year 1160 Henry II of England had invaded the country with its energy domain for years. In the sixteenth century English pressure is flared. Had to spend more than two centuries to achieve the independence that came with the Treaty of London in 1921. At present, Ireland maintains links to major London since the six counties of Northern Ireland remain part of the United Kingdom. In 1973 Ireland joined the EEC.
It is the great and haughty capital of Ireland, with almost one million inhabitants. It’s a city open, friendly, hospitable, generous and has, to his credit, more than 1000 years of history, rich in great figures of thought, politics, religion and culture in uppercase. Custody wide streets and majestic buildings. It combines the beauty and charm of past centuries with the current progress. Its prominent location makes it a privileged place since time immemorial. Dublin Bay, where he leads the river Liffey, which divides the city into two, forms a crescent between the peninsula of Howth and Dalkey village. To the south, and very close to it are located the proud hills of Wicklow, the paradise of the seagulls.
Dublin is mentioned in texts of Ptolemy, around 140 d. C., with the nickname Eblana. Its current name derives from the Gaelic Dubhlinn, meaning ‘black pool’ while the current Irish Baile Atha Cliath means “city of the hurdle ford”, which is older and has its origins in the days when Dublin was nothing more that an important ford of the River Liffey on the road to the ancient capital Tara, seat of the High King of Ireland. In the ninth century, after more than 50 years of Norman invasions, the Vikings chose as their base for naval campaign of plunder and adventures to Dublin, which would, over 200 years, an important center of the Viking world. In the battle of Clontarf in the year 1014 ended the domination Norman. Tribal fights continued for a long time until it was the English king Henry II took the Republic of Ireland on behalf of the British crown, around the year 1171.
The country reached its maximum splendor in the eighteenth century, which was reflected in the construction of monuments. Some examples of this constructive boom can be checked in the neighborhoods of Fitzwilliam Square and Merrion Square, with haughty Georgian style residences of colored doors, overlooking the central garden. In the nineteenth century and until the proclamation of independence in 1921 Ireland, Dublin is the headquarters of British administration. Dublin has given the world many famous authors such as Swift, Goldsmith, Bernard Shaw, Wilde, Joyce, Yeats, O’Casey, Singe, Beckett, Flann O’Brien and Brendan Behan, and others.
Monuments in Dublin:
At the heart of the capital city stands the castle of Dublin. Although it was built in the thirteenth century, its current appearance does not match that of a castle, but rather recalls an eighteenth-century palace. At present, presents many vestiges of the British occupation to have been the focus of political power and official residence of the viceroys for more than seven centuries. Deserve to see the Tower Record (part of the old building standards), the apartments of state (former residence of the viceroy English) and the Chapel of the Most Holy Trinity (former royal chapel). A quarter of the city is great Dame St., a main artery of the district of Temple Bar, an area with more tradition and history of Dublin, which has been transformed in recent years in the cultural heart of the city. It is located on the right bank of the River Liffey, between Trinity College and Christ Church Cathedral, right in the heart of Dublin, with eight galleries, two local theaters in which plays music and an exciting Irish Film Center, which are evidence of its lively cultural life. It also appears very lively at night, with many designer shops, pubs and restaurants. At the end of Dame Street is the impressive building of the current Bank of Ireland was, for much of the eighteenth century, Parliament of the pre-independent Ireland. It is considered one of the masterpieces of Georgian style in the old Irish House of Lords retains the sumptuousness of their origins. As a curious note to highlight that appears in the windowless facade. In front of the building above the entrance is one of the world’s most prestigious universities, Trinity College, founded by Queen Elizabeth of England in the year 1592. Inside there are the traditional courtyards and gardens of British universities. In his magnificent library are over two and a half million books with over 3,000 drawings and manuscripts. Moreover, it preserves the Book of Kells miniature, one of the jewels of the Celtic culture. A few meters from the University Square emerges most perfect Georgian Dublin, designed in 1762, the Merrion Square. Among the many celebrities who have lived in this square include Oscar Wilde, W. B. Yeats and the Austrian Nobel physics E. Schrodinger. In one of his side is the National Gallery as one of the most important galleries of Europe with over 2,600 works on display to the public. At the entrance stands the statue of George Bernard Shaw, who left one third of its assets in this gallery.
It is also the very near Leinster House, built in the year 1745 as a palace of the Duke of Leinster and current headquarters of the Irish Parliament. A behind the above for the discrete Kildare St., is located on one side, the Museum of Natural History, on the other hand, the National Museum, which housed the greatest treasures of Ireland, as the snap Taray cup Ardagh, among many other treasures and Irish Celts, Danes, Vikings and Romans.
After Kildare St is reached St. Stephen’s Green, another of the great Georgian squares, which in this case, is characterized in its center to preserve the park’s most popular and attractive of the city from the seventeenth century. The fitting were funded by the Guinness family in the nineteenth century. Among the buildings on the plaza out Iveagh House, the current Foreign Affairs and Newman House.
Ten minutes from the plaza to the west, is St. Patrick’s Cathedral, National Cathedral Irish Protestant. Built at the end of the twelfth century on the site of an ancient church dedicated to St. Patrick. He acquired the rank of Cathedral in the year 1213. Was extensively restored in the nineteenth century and now houses inside tombs as the tomb of Jonathan Swift, author of Gulliver’s Travels and Dean of the cathedral from 1713 until 1745.
Two bridges are some of the most emblematic of the city, the O’Connel Bridge designed by James Gandon in 1794, which has the particularity of being wider than long, since that is the most spectacular of the River Liffey, including some Georgian buildings as the Custom House and the Half Penny Bridge which is reached by the following spring called Bachelor’s Walk, in memory of the infamous massacre that took place in 1914, when British troops opened fire on a demonstration. This magnificent bridge of iron and was built in 1816. Until early this century were paid half penny to cross, hence its name.
If we go north we reached Henry Street, the most lively pedestrian street of North Dublin, where many of the stores. Crossing O’Connell Street will get to the main Dublin statue dedicated to Joyce, in Earl Street in the middle of O’Connell Street, Dublin’s main street, the building is post and General Post Office. In the year 1916 took place here the national uprising that would, years later, achieved the independence of the United Kingdom. In 1922 he was again the strategic place during the riots of the Civil War, and since then is the heart of Irish politics. At the end of O’Connell Street comes Parnell Square, which was square Georgian irregular heart of Dublin in the eighteenth century. Are still a number of buildings of the era, such as the Rotunda Hospital and the Gate Theater.
On the north side of the square there are two museums, the Municipal Gallery of Modern Art and the Museum of Writers, where the ties are reminiscent of the literary city and letters are collected paintings, photographs, manuscripts that trace to the Irish literary history today.
North Great Georges several houses have been renovated Georgian-style, making the best preserved in a museum in the city of Joyce and James Joyce Center. North of the square there several streets with remains of Georgian houses that have long passed away. Among them lived Eccles St. Leopold Bloom, the protagonist of Ulysses. In Dublin is the largest number of examples of Georgian style, from large public buildings such as the Four Courts, the private residences that are concentrated around St. Stephen’s Green. Of these, often can not see over the doors, but would have to cross the threshold of any of them to discover the interior, even more beautiful.
In Dublin we can not neglect a stroll around Merrion Square and Fitzwilliam Square. Outside the city, the Georgian-style mansion is located in the countryside, many now converted into comfortable cottages, other grandiose as Russborough, Newbridge House and Castletown in the east, Bantry House in the south, and Strokestown House in the north . Undoubtedly, Dublin is home to all knowledge and cultural wealth of Ireland.
Color and brilliance:
We face a large open space and an island open to people capable of hosting the world traveler as one of yours. In Ireland we learn the art of relaxation in contact with a nature full of beautiful scenery and offers an exquisite treatment at that visit. It Dolmens area and Celtic crosses abound everywhere. It is place of rest and meditation, with its many ancient abbeys, monasteries and medieval castles haughty talk about the days when Ireland was a land of saints, mystics, prophets and sages.
There is no specific time to go to Ireland. All times are perfect and even the seasons are not a handicap to start our journey. In summer, travelers will find beautiful crystal clear waters and his eyes can see with delight the brilliant green countryside and all its locations. In spring you can enjoy the dazzling brightness of its landscapes, autumn leaves to enjoy the dense forests of golden Irish winter and get that inner peace missed a lively fire in front of a fireplace. What more can you ask for. The island is formed by a broad, flat central area limestone, surrounded by mountains covered with lakes and crossed by the River Shannon.
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