If the French Guiana is a wall of tiles each have a different color. So wide is the range of its cultural population, whose range was forged with the colonization and immigration.
Its official name is Département d’Outre-Mer de la Guyane Française Flag of France. And its location in northern South America, in the Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname.
Its area of 86,504 km ², but only a small, 5%, is inhabited by nearly 200 thousand inhabitants. The rest covers a dense forest. Lots of green for little people. Guyana has the lowest population density of the ultra-periphery of the European Union.
The equatorial climate and dense vegetation make up a landscape of film. The impenetrability of the forest is such that you can only access the coastline of 378 kilometers. A moist heat and small temperature characteristic variations on this island.
The Department of French Guiana is an overseas department of France that depends. In fact, forms one of the 26 regions of this country. This was found in 82 to set policy and the community split into two districts: Cayenne and Saint Laurent du Maroni, who in turn are subdivided into 19 cantons and 22 municipalities. Its currency is the French franc and the French the official language, although Creole is heard frequently on the street.
In his history we discover the reason for the ethnic mix of French Guiana. Discovered in 1498, some years after the discovery of America by Columbus Critobal, France colonized in 1604. Since 1946, the European country used this target to isolate the prison population in Devil’s Island. A territory of cultural encounter forged by various immigration to the island from both European and African slaves who went there. Of the nearly 200 thousand inhabitants, 60% are Creole and French up 10% from the European Union. Although the population of the island shows a more complex ethnic composition, always in French.
The black slaves who rebelled and fled the plantations between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries are now known noirs Marrons. While fleeing took refuge in forests, and currently manage the business of rowing boats to cross the Maroni river. White people who were born in the colony of French Guiana are Creoles. They arise from the occupants of positions of power.
The métropolitains are European immigrants. Highlights its economic weight: not only control the space that France settled on the island, managed travel agencies and tourism centers in the jungle. The Miao are from Laos and came to the island in 1977. And finally, the Brésiliens who crossed over from Brazil to the island in search of gold. Today work as employees in the resorts.
Leisure in Guyana has its pros and its control or, rather, requires knowledge of certain details that can help manage the tourist just arrived or about to leave. Input comes essential to provide the accommodation: the lack of tourism infrastructure may jeopardize the trip for those who forget to reserve seats in advance. Some hotels in Cayenne: Novotel, Chemin Hilaire, Best Western Amazonia, Central Hotel and Le Grillardin. In Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni: Relais des 3 Lacs. At Kourou: Ariatel Mercure, Mercure Kourou Atlantis, Les Relais De Guyane.
One of the main drawbacks of Guyana is the lack of roads. The only means of transport that connects the major cities (Cayenne, Kourou, Sionamary, Mana and Saint Laurent) is a taxi. Between Cayenne and Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is the only national highway stretches, from which emerged a few detours to allow deeper into the jungle. It is only possible by digging dugouts, ie river. Independent agencies and tour guides organize trips to the heart of this natural setting.