St. Petersburg, also called “city of the Tsars” is the accurate representation of the power and opulence that have kept the Russian Empire of the eighteenth century until the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. Today the city of St Petersburg is one of the most visited cities in Russia and in their property, expressed as a mixture of history, art and its attractions. Then I point out some places of great cultural interest worth visiting, not forgetting that the city of St. Petersburg is a great museum in entire geographical area.
The Fortress of St. Peter and St. Paul is the first work of architecture in the city and was built between 1703 and 1733 on the island Zayachy on the River Neva. The site was designed to protect the Empire against foreign invasions common in those days of war, whichever location the proximity of the Baltic Sea.
Today this fortress, designed by Italian architects, protects the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul, Temple of the Russian Orthodox Church and also a historical museum, whose bell tower stands out above the walls of the fortress, with the highest the city. One of the most striking features of this place is that inside are the remains of the majority of Russian emperors since Peter the Great to Nicholas II and his family.
If this is magnificence, St. Isaac’s Cathedral takes all the decorations. The construction of this work was initiated in 1710 and is now the fourth largest cathedral in the world. In 1806 competition was called, tender today, to finish the construction of the church attended by the best architects of the time. Finally, the appointment fell to the French Montferrand, who developed a prolific career in the city, where the Cathedral of St. Isaac his most important work. The Church is lined with gray marble and the interior decoration in use 43 types of minerals. Its dome involved 100 kilos of gold and renowned artists of the era, including Shebuyev Briullov and ornamented inside with almost 400 works of art.
For part of the history and legacy Russian monarchy, the Museum of the Hermitage is the place. Situated on the banks of the river Nive and most significant building is the Winter Palace, former residence of the Tsars. In this exhibit museose antique Greco-Roman culture, paintings and sculptures from Europe, Eastern Art, archaeological, Russian Art, jewelry and weapons. This heritage was part of the library staff who maintained the tsars at its peak. The Art Gallery of the museum is considered one of the most comprehensive in the world next to the Prado Museum in Spain.
Russian Orthodox Christianity is evident in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, founded in 1710 by Pedro “El Grande” in order to rest the remains of Alexander’s Mortuary Nevki, saint of the Orthodox Church and Russian leader. Inside the monastery cohabiting two churches and a baroque cathedral consecrated to the Blessed Trinity. Also, within the monastery, are the Lazarev and Tikhvin cemeteries, which are buried the writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky, and Pyotr Ilyich Chaikovsi musician.
In the field of performing arts, theater Marriinski is the most emblematic of Russia. Also known as Opera House or the National Academy of Opera and Ballet, was built by the architect Alberto Expensive, inspired by the Opera in Dresden in Germany. In this exhibition have been the most important works of the opera world and is central to the development of Russian Ballet.
The Bronze Horseman is the first monument of the city and was erected in the Senate Square in honor of Peter the Great. It was designed by French sculptor Falconet EM at the request of the Empress Catherine II and is considered a masterpiece of world sculpture. Its design is inspired by the exploits of Russian conqueror during their journeys through the Baltic Sea and the importance it had “the Great” for the formation of a rich and powerful Russia.