Brazil: Historic and rural route in Espiritu Santo

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Vitória Vista de Vila Velha by SSodre.

Espiritu Santo, is a state north of Rio de Janeiro, with beaches competitive, a curious offer ecotourism and colonies Italian, Austrian and other European countries, in addition to imposing Pedra Azul State Park. There’s plenty to see and learn in this state. Then I show the following points of interest:


When night falls, a tropical regularly, around 19, the Vitória Bay lights up like a giant Christmas tree and the buildings of its skyline form a garland whose lights are reflected in the waters of the Atlantic. The glory is even greater in these days when every neighbor joins the lights always hold their own lighting for Natal. The best place to appreciate it all is from the Ilha do Boi, a small island which is opposite a residential district of Vitoria, capital of Espirito Santo state north of Rio de Janeiro to reserve more than a surprise even to those visitors who assume to know While Brazil.

Vitória, curiously, was also located on an island that separates the sea from a lagoon as an internal bay. On that island is the capital and on the continent, across the mighty bridge Terceira, is Vila Velha, neighboring county with which it forms one big conglomeration.

Vila Velha was founded in 1551 by the Portuguese conqueror Basque Fernandes Coutinho. Vitória, meanwhile, was created a few years by the colonists who chose to move to the island to defend itself against incursions by French pirates, Dutchmen and Englishmen who were played off the coast of Brazil for a few years of the sixteenth century.

Pedra Azul:

From Ilha do Boi, Vitória has the air of metropolis and its outline is drawn with elegant towers of modern forms. But it is rather tiny, though Brazilian scale, of course. Together with its suburbs and Vila Velha, sum one million inhabitants. A 140 km from Vitória, in the same state of Espirito Santo (is there a museum dedicated to him and his career).

Pedra Azul . Espirito Santo . BR by Igor Nazario.

Cachoeiro is in an area of mountains, similar to the Pedra Azul State Park, an area that is opening up to tourism with a circuit of rural enterprises. The blue stone which gave name to the park is actually a gigantic gneiss rock which dominates the mass of changing color depending on the hour throughout the region of the peoples of Domingos Martins and Venda Nova do Imigrante.

History and art:

Vitória and Vila Velha are like two sisters that are complementary. Its inhabitants are called Espirito Santo, which comes from the Tupi word kapi’xawa (ground planting), recalled that the colony was originally devoted to growing cereals.

In Vitória, showing the greatest cultural icon of the city, which is totally different inspiration: it’s the Carlos Gomes Theater, designed and built by an Italian immigrant. It is located right on the side of the central plaza and was inspired by La Scala in Milan, although rather modest dimensions.

The city’s historic buildings are concentrated in the southern part of the island. Near the theater, palaces Anchieta and Domingos Martins are two witnesses of the colonial era. Anchieta Palace was built by the Jesuits in the sixteenth century and then went on to host the state government of Espirito Santo. For its part, the palace Domingos Martins (a man who fought for the independence of Pernambuco in the early nineteenth century) was built in 1606, and after having long been the seat of the legislative branch is now the House of Citizens Vitória.

Anchieta Palace by ECP Snapshots.

In terms of religious art, it is best to visit the Convento da Penha, on a hill along the coast, in Vila Velha: not only because it offers a spectacular view over the city and Vitória, from across the arm of the sea, but the exuberance of his little chapel, full of sacred works. The residents attend daily to the many Masses celebrated in the convent, and in the corridors of the plaques of appreciation instead of devotees lining the walls. Founded in 1558, is one of the oldest shrines in Brazil. To access the convent have to cross a large park (climbing 154 meters of vertical drop foot or using the vans going up and down continuously), where visitors may watch a colony of marmosets of beige head. These monkeys are not scary and come and go in search of bananas practically posed for pictures.

This presents its historical face the State of Espirito Santo!

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