Few cities are the essence of the Italian Renaissance as Bologna. Just need to know the beauty of the urban structure of the city that gives it the air of a single monument. Neither the bombing of World War II could disenchant a city that treasures stored in its gardens and parks, and around the cluster of works ranging from the time of the Etruscans to the Romans, and the Novecento Trecenta in which the museums, galleries, palaces and villas, churches and squares that are all this broad historical.
A unique urban development Bologna gives a special attraction, even with the recent past that gave the center’s strategic rear block fascist. Because Bologna, along with Venice, has one of the best preserved historical centers of Europe.
Growth has been progressive since its inception that have populated this city have a cocktail of streets, towers, palaces and convents, coupled to the portico, as a unifying long tape. And has a lot of porches Bologna, with its 35 kilometers that have given the word of the city más’porteada ‘of Europe.
A mixture of past cultures, but which give the city an undeniable harmony. Because the passage of the most diverse cultures, with all the subsequent passage of wars and battles, from Etruscans and Romans, to the most recent World War II, have left no evidence of such traces, but with a perfect combination of styles and eras .
A city, Bologna, who was born with magic, because its genesis was missing on the shore of an ancient sea where the river resulted Reno. Was located on the north sea, while the prevailing south hills and mountains, where the cast on their land there; material, moreover, that once created the first compound Bologna, the “enclosure of selenite,” at the time of Theodoric.
Installation of the Celtic-Roman culture is well extended not only by artistic monuments and relics, but also by custom so widespread, especially in the region of Emilia, as the pork industry, as well as sheep and cattle, although by Roman influence, given the proximity of Romagna.
In the old city of Bologna are important reminders of the early Roman times, it gave the city a certain air of agricultural and military, as well as the development of the city by the Via Emilia Forum Cornelli, future Imola. The stamp came with the religious development of Duecento, to be encouraged with the momentum of Trecenta as artistic center that match the greatness, at least in painting, the Tuscan Trecenta.
And after a brief period of recession in Trecenta, promotes the city, both as urban art, to the Cinquecento. And then everything will be a wide repertoire in art spaces and museums, with the fountains and arcades, with sculptures and art of the legendary names like Michelangelo Buonarroti and Raphael Sanzio, who left his mark on the city Bolognese. Opens with the Renaissance Square and the fountain of Neptune.
From Seicento opens the stage to mark the city of Bologna as a convent by the strong impression that, from the Vatican, would be imposed in the city and the many churches and a new zeal for the art of cutting religious.
The twentieth century is dawning with the destruction of the city walls, a symbol of the city showing the urban growth. A new century that transformed the city, especially the aerial bombardment of the last war, where an enclave of Bologna was behind the call Gothic Line, which would leave the city awaiting a transformation. Thus, imposing the sixties a new city, the development of new neighborhoods and the full preservation of the legacy Bolognese, one of the portals that had characterized him in the past and of the houses.
The last decades have confirmed to Bologna as a treasure of Italy cosmopolitan, and the classical Italy, confirming the idea of global village and city of arcades and gardens, museums and churches, monasteries and parks. A treasure, then, that has demonstrated the richness of the past coupled with the new urban clothing of the new era, where perfection to be Bologna contrasts a cultural and urban development.