London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom and the largest city in the community of the British Commonwealth. Located in southeast England, along the historic River Thames, is characterized by its great architectural content Tudor, Gothic and others combining with remnants Celts, Romans, Saxons and even Vikings. It’s a great city for cultural and historical tourism, enjoying the bohemian and art.
Several views of the City of London
One of the most important features of the city, and something that makes it famous is its haze, which is so thick that sometimes cannot be more governess of a straightened arm. At one time of year is also wet with an average of 600 millimeters per year.
The origin of London goes back to 55 BC, when the Romans settled along the Thames, occupying the lands inhabited by Celtic tribes, but it was not until 143 BC, during the second Roman invasion, which was built a community commercial with a small port which the Romans called Londinium.
Dismembered the mighty Roman Empire, was occupied alternately by the Anglo-Saxons, Vikings and Danes, until in 1066, became the capital of England after the Norman Conquest.
A mid-eleventh century (Edward I) was that he began the historical division of the city, in the City (shopping area) on one hand and the government area (Westminster) on the other. Eduardo was established in Westminster and ordered to build the original abbey, which would be renovated and two centuries later we see today. As you know this great church is where it performs official acts of the British crown.
The voracious and destructive fire of 1666, led to the modernization of the city. In charge of the English architect Christopher Wren, was built the cathedral of St. Paul, plus numerous other churches. He also designed a new urban plan, replacing the narrow streets by large avenues that were born in the streets.
During the Victorian era public buildings were erected renowned museums such as Kensington, Royal Albert Hall and the famous Crystal Palace where he held the Great Exhibition of 1851, monuments we can see today.
London is undoubtedly the first administrative and commercial center in the UK. In the old kernel (City) are the headquarters of banks, businesses and the London Stock Exchange. Piccadilly and St. James are the main arteries that bring together traditional trade. Meanwhile, west of the Thames lays the political center, consisting of the Houses of Parliament at Westminster and Whitehall government buildings. Nearby, is Buckingham Palace, residence of British monarchs and royal seat of administration.
The metropolis is a major industrial complex, where the categories include food, clothing, petrochemicals and editorials. The Port of London remains the first in importance in the country.
London is recognized as one of the most prominent cultural cities in the world. This is evidenced by its many museums among which include the British Museum (British Museum), the National Gallery (National Gallery), the Victoria and Albert Museum and Tate Gallery. There are also a significant number of libraries and universities.
Parks are one of the cultural and historical attractions of the city, have for example the Hyde Park and Regent’s Park. Special mention should bohemian London who congregates in Soho and Trafalgar Square. In the theaters, cinemas, restaurants and pubs come together artists, intellectuals and tourists.