Nature reserves in the world have arisen from the need to preserve certain species, because of human activity in the world have undergone a change in the environment in which they operate or may have been the victim of hunting indiscriminately.
Photography by einalem
The various wildlife reserves that exist in the world, boasts of being havens for those who visit because they can see naturally and almost total freedom to animals or protected species there, if it occurs frequently in South America where the choice is clear.
Chile, Argentina, Peru, Uruguay, Ecuador and Brazil are among countries that are actively concerned to protect animals that are characteristic of inclusive national symbols, like Chile that has on his shield a Condor and a Huemul, both species under constant protection to avoid extinction. In the southernmost country in the world are many stocks out there, as well as national parks, some of them are:
• National Park Nahuelbuta
• Torres del Paine National Park
• Rapa Nui National Park
• Juan Fernández Archipelago National Park
• La Campana National Park
• Milodon Cave Natural Monument
In the Torres del Paine National Park, is a spectacular flora, where the bushes are among the Andean pre Sarmiento and Salto Grande lake, fitness adapting to cold and drought in many cases. It is observed Magellanic forest, beech forest and coigüe, tundra, among others.
Wildlife is enormous, thereby constituting a real protection to the biosphere, with 25 different mammals, including appointing the Puma, the gray fox, also culpeos, skunks, guanacos, among others. Birds are more than 115 condors, eagles, black-necked swans, flamingos, hualas, ducks, among others, including ostriches.
Ecuador, meanwhile, offers all its glory with the Galapagos National Park, a place that is currently regarded as the most important shrine in the world with an ecosystem that differs from Ecuador itself and serves as a scientific basis for measuring evolution of species. All located in the Galapagos Archipelago includes 19 islands and 42 islets, which is kept in perfect peace because he has not come to prey on man and animals retain their natural way of life unchanged.
The visit to the Galapagos can be achieved only through authorized tourist guides, it is protected by the very Government of Ecuador, in this way the activities available are:
• waterways Guides
Photography by akeg
Apart from what can be done by sea, land routes are varied, including a total of 54 places to visit, although it is known that are not easily accessible and require specialized supervision and guidance of a qualified person to do so.
Wildlife available is extremely diverse, home to marine and land iguanas, fur seal, hawks, swallow-tailed gulls, humpback, cormorant and other varieties that are native to the area. They can also be seen pelicans, flamingos, penguins turtles, pigeons, sea lions, lava lizards and swallows, to mention a few.
La Flora is observed is typical of island areas, lava cactus, palo santo, manzanillo, cactus, Miconia, milky, and thus reaching a total 932 species.
Peru for its part gives the Manu National Park, where a total of two million hectares is achieved to a biosphere reserve, with abundance of nature and species that are surprising to anyone who even look a bit, along with the great number of plants available all around. The name of the park was full because it is crossed by the river Manu, who even in some parts may be rather different activities for visitors. The total number of species in the reserve reaches 15,000, with 1,200 butterflies, and other animals.
Photography by funkz
At 3,500 meters above sea level, the park of Peru has large areas covered with beautiful grass, bushes and forest wastelands, where trees have no limit and get as high as 25 meters, creating a strange situation by concentrating a large cloud that gives rise to call the place as a rainforest or cloud.
Visit a national park or nature reserve in South America, beyond any expectation that they can make about the idea of visiting zoos, since experience is completely different when the animal is in a huge field, free and without human intervention, whether active or passive.