Guyana is a land that has cost the man to understand and master. Grass has been driven by irrational adventurers obsession for gold and fortune, the land of challenges to the colonial or missionary, the explorer’s paradise in search of the lost wonders of the world … The province of Guayana, which covers the entire territory of Venezuela to the southeast of the Orinoco River has the privilege of hosting their land in the Canaima National Park, an area of one million hectares, the sixth largest national park in the world.
The majestic scenery offered Canaima is one of the most fascinating natural attractions that Venezuela has. Located in the southeastern state of Bolivar in the Venezuelan Gran Sabana, Canaima is home to a rich biodiversity and natural resources. This large area combined jungles and savannahs are spectacular tepuis, imposing mesas tubular to 2800 meters high and more than 3,500 million years old. In 1962 it was declared National Park by the relevance and quality of its ecological resources.
Up to this heavenly place, a real luxury in nature, can be reached by air, land and even cross the river by canoe. If there is good visibility and weather conditions permitting, the plane arrives at Canaima delights travelers closer to one of the most impressive wonders of the world: Angel Falls, the world’s tallest waterfall. Here the river falls from a height of Meru thousand meters, a height 20 times that of Niagara Falls.
Canaima is located on the oldest part of the planet, the Guayana Shield, estimated that arose in the Precambrian, some two billion years ago.
Among the main natural wealth of the 115 Canaima tepuis are cut or hills, which resemble giant tables of stone carved by erosion over thousands of years and which some researchers call “Island Time”, due to its geological age .
Dozens of rivers, waterfalls and breathtaking beauty of waterfalls, lush vegetation characterized by gallery forests, savannahs and morichales with endemic flora and fauna characterize this highly diverse natural paradise in the middle of the planet.
The variety of forms of relief Guayanés to distinguish three major regions from a geographic point of view: mountains, hills and peneplain. However, the entire region has a unit due to the very existence of the Guayana Shield, which contains in its basement igneous and metamorphic rocks which date to the Precambrian age.
The variety of climates and different levels of elevation, coupled with the wide geographic diversity make the Canaima National Park, a place of lush vegetation. The same is true of the fauna is very diverse and their distribution depends on many factors. Thus, the levels of altitude, vegetation types and productivity of ecosystems determine the distribution of vertebrates in Canaima. Among the most common mammals in the area include bear Melero, puma, deer and dog Matacán Mt.
And if that were not enough, the Canaima Park are located remains of several camps of hunters who, surely, the time corresponding to India.
We can say that for the type of apparatus found, could not be hunters of large mammals. Woodworking and also had to practice basketry, like many contemporary indigenous groups in the region.
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