Mangroves are aquatic forests. They extend from the river Tumbes to the International Canal Punta Capones. They consist of a set of trees known as mangroves and other natural species that are interwoven and combined in one space. This vegetation grows shallow water and curiously lives in salt water, has been scientifically proven that this ecosystem is extremely productive.
Various views of the mangroves of Tumbes:
The multicolored landscape is the large number of flora and fauna who lives in the forest. The tour begins recommended by the Tumbes River, which runs through the mangroves to Puerto Pizarro.
Mangrove forests in their heyday spanned an area of 28 hectares, now due to neglect, pollution and human factors have reduced their size, but we can still enjoy this wonderful flora and fauna.
Mangrove National Sanctuary, established on 2 March 1988, is located exactly on the Pacific coast of South America at the mouth of the river Tumbes in northern Peru, is the southern tip of the mangrove area, but is constantly threatened by the activities of the shrimp farms or shrimp.
You can visit between the months of April to November that it is guarded by the Navy. To get there you must travel by the Pan American Highway, to the height of the city of Zarumilla (20 kilometers) and then falling away to a passable road leading to the place known as El Algarrobo (9 kilometers), where is located the control post of the INRENA. For the rides do not worry, there are boats authorized by the levarán you Mangle and you will see its many wonders.
The habitat consists of tropical Pacific sea, equatorial dry forest and tropical forest of the Pacific, with a unique biodiversity. The mangrove fauna is marine and terrestrial origin, has been posted that there are 33 species of snails, 34 of crustaceans, 24 mollusks and 105 shell-fish. Here also inhabit, due to special conditions, a 200 varieties of birds, some unique in its kind and in danger of extinction. For example find herons and frigate bird (Fregata magnificens).
Do not forget that lurking in the mangrove lives known crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) and American alligator, a species that is in danger of extinction. Curiously in the mangrove, inhabited by a species of bear, known as swamp bear (Crab-eating Raccoon). Mammals also inhabit strange, almost extinct, like the dog midden (Crab-eating Raccoon) and the neotropical otter (Lutra longicaudis).
It is good to note that through the actions of private enterprise and the Peruvian authorities, the mangrove forest is being recovered. There reforestation campaigns and each passing day, the shrimp take environmental actions, which is why I sincerely hope that this natural corner to continue enduring benefit not only Peru, but in our increasingly polluted world.
Bon voyage to rural tourism in Peru!