The Galapagos Islands are located over a thousand miles away from the continent and part of the Republic of Ecuador, located in the Pacific Ocean on the equator, the archipelago comprises 19 major islands and 200 islets and rocks scattered in an area of 70,000 square kilometers.
With large numbers of endemic flora and fauna, considered one of the unique and natural paradises in the world around you with beautiful clear beaches, lava tunnels, diving areas, a marine reserve, its prehistoric animals and a variety of beautiful and colorful birds. The Galapagos Islands are a province of Ecuador, whose capital is Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, characterizes these islands by the variety of terrestrial and marine ecosystems, located at the crossroads of major ocean currents, and in addition to several tectonic plates in constant motion. Also known as the Enchanted Islands and known for the studies by Charles Darwin, that from these studies established his theory of evolution by natural selection in 1959 was declared National Park in 1978 UNESCO included the Galapagos in the list Heritage, expanding it in 2001 also for the Marine Reserve.
There are several islands where tourists can observe the flora and fauna of Galapagos and the landscapes of incomparable beauty, places that can be visited on the island of Floreana is Post Office Bay, black beach, the Flamingos Lagoon, Cormorant Point and Pirate Caves. On Genovesa be seen in its natural environment to the frigates, fur seals, marine iguanas, tropical bird, among others. On Fernandina, there are many sea lions, iguanas, pelicans, penguins and flightless cormorants. On the Spanish island appreciate the dance of blue-footed boobies and albatrosses courtship is also interesting to see the geyser, the blower and Cucubes that have that wonderful charm, Santiago is ideal for diving enthusiasts, can take a tour paths of lava up to the volcanic cone of Bartholomew. On Isabela Island turtle farm exists. In the Galapagos Marine Reserve there are areas where you can make snorkeling and deep, enjoying the breathtaking beauty of the aquatic species that inhabit this place.
The most visited place in the archipelago is Tortuga Bay, located in Puerto Ayora on Santa Cruz Island where there are two huge sandy beaches of ivory color, separated by a point of mangroves, where lovers of the sun and enjoy the beach in style , Playa Negra is also on the island Floreana and want to swim to the beaches of Santiago Island, calm waters, other beaches you can visit and enjoy are the beach in San Cristobal Ochoa, Espumilla beach and the beach on Marchena in Darwin Bay the Genoese. The archipelago’s climate is varied because the temperature variation of the waters surrounding the islands directly affects the temperature, for example the cold waters from Peru, currents that are present all year, the flow of the Child warm waters that binds to the cold in the north of the archipelago. What determines two marked seasons, the cold between the months of June to November with temperatures ranging between 17 and 22 degrees, characterized by persistent mist and drizzle on top of larger islands and cold and dry in the lower. The Galapagos Islands are volcanic in origin and that the archipelago located in the hotspot, with constant eruptions over time he has done to form the unique conditions of climate, flora and fauna not found anywhere else the world.
To enter the reserve in the archipelago visitors should know the rules to observe in the islands, such as respect for nature, not to introduce animals, plants or seeds outside this habitat, not contaminated with garbage terrestrial environments, signals respect security and signs on the trails, among others. Visiting the Galapagos is a wonderful experience, especially engraved on the mind of the extraordinary beauty and fascination with these islands.