The town of Saint Andrews, located in the serene bay of Tay and bathed by the cold waves of the North Sea, as seems to be caught in time. Preserved, like many other places in Scotland, the essence of a great castles of the medieval past, wars and mysterious legends. The birthplace of golf, St. Andrews, is able to seduce with its relics of the past to anyone visiting.
Located within the region under the name of Fife, St Andrews is a town that became Villa Real in 1620. Not surprisingly, this city of stunning attraction was the residence of Queen Mary Stuart, who lived during the year 1563 in the House today called the Queen Mary Stuart (Queen Mary’s House). Saint Andrews but also preserves other aspects that allow the visitor to move to other ancient times. For example, the city has the oldest University in Scotland, preserves the medieval layout of its streets, a ruined cathedral, which was the legend that gave the name to this town, a castle that was the scene of several incidents during the Protestant Reformation and a beautiful Victorian.
A village of old legends:
Legend has it that St Rule, a monk guardian of the relics of St. Andrew in Greece during the fourth century was warned by an angel that they were in danger. It was decided to save them elsewhere, and to sort of Saint Andrews, the boat they were traveling in sank off the coast of Fife and the bones of the apostle were taken to land Kilrimont. It was then that the Celtic monks built the church of St. Mary of the Rock (St. Mary on the Rock) to house the remains. That was how began the history of Saint Andrews, who became a religious people whose lands Kilrimont holy San Andreas, became the patron saint of Scotland.
The Celtic church in which they found the relics became, over the twelfth and thirteenth centuries a cathedral, the Cathedral of Saint Andrews, who for years was the center of religious life throughout the country. Although at present the only thing that is kept at the foot of this temple is the tower of St. Rule, from which you can see beautiful medieval monuments of the city, the grandeur of its ruins to understand the importance it had in the past. Not surprisingly, it was the largest church in the country until the Reformation left, after being assaulted in ruins. As for the altar, it is only kept the slab which formerly contained the relics of St. Andrew.
Like the cathedral, the castle of St. Andrews (Saint Andrews Castle) is a few meters from the cold North Sea. Specifically it is located on a cliff that gives you an air of strength worthy of admiring. This castle was built around 1200 by the bishops and an archbishop of the city was the scene and also a number of incidents during the Reformation. From this fortress, palace and prison, which suffered wars durante 400 years and sites are now no more than ruins. However, visitors can see the original dungeon he has, in the form of bottle, and explore the mine and Countermining that were excavated in the past by attackers and defenders.
The oldest universities in Scotland:
This town also has the privilege of having the country’s oldest university. According to history, was founded in 1410 by some Scots academics who had studied abroad, while his papal authorization was not received until 1414. From this center of knowledge can be described as innumerable events, for example, that it was the first woman admitted as a student in United Kingdom (1862), which was home of the first marine laboratory (1882) or with the first student union (1864).
The first construction was undertaken at the site of the Old University Library (Old University Library) and the late Middle Ages had been built three schools: St. Salvatore’s (1450), St. Leonard’s (1512) and St. Mary (1538), although the latter was during the Reformation in a Protestant theological seminary.
Saint Andrews, the birthplace of golf:
Thousands of years ago the land that is around St Andrews rose, the sea level fell and formed sand dunes. The sea, finally brought the seeds of grasses to the coast of this town became the present golf course. Although the Dutch were given the discovery of this game, the Saint Andrews Scots cited as the birthplace of the sport. What is clear is that the importance that purchased this game made Scotland James II banned it in 1457 because their men prefer him rather than the practice of archery, needed to defend their land. At present, St Andrews has six golf courses. Moreover, its inhabitants are proud of having the Old Course (Old Field), which undoubtedly is the most classic and vintage of the golf courses around the world since their first hits date back to the fifteenth century. And if that was not enough, is home of the annual British Open (British Open).
The location of these fields cannot be more splendid, as are a few meters from the waters of the North Sea and a coastline which is characterized by gentle bays, cliffs and sandy beaches, all these landscapes overflown by countless gulls. The beauty of these beaches has not been far from wasted. For example, in the West Beach St. Andrews, one of the best in Scotland, was filmed a few scenes from the film “Battle of Fire” Undoubtedly, this city has enough attractions to please the retinas of those who visit.