Located in the heart of Italy, Rome is one of the favorite destinations for tourists from around the world. It is a city where there is a very palpable Mediterranean lifestyle that offers, among other advantages, the kindness of its climate. Few countries in the world to have so many tourists attractions: history, art, music, fashion, gastronomy … If ordering the time the most important of Rome can be seen in three days, but Rome is worth at least a quiet weeks.
Since 1870, when it was proclaimed capital of Italy, Rome has seen a strong and uncontrolled urban sprawl. There is no doubt that the Roman landscape consists of a table unforgettable charm, however, this attraction is due today to discover the chaotic upheaval that characterizes a modern city. Still, Rome still has the largest concentration of art that can be found in any city in the world thanks to the legacy left by his two periods of greatest glory: for the ancient Roman Empire and the gold in the Renaissance art.
One of the most successful is to start visiting Rome by the origins of ancient civilization, that is, the Coliseum and the Flavian Amphitheater; the latter is one of the most impressive archaeological remains of the city and the most famous of world. Was erected by the Emperor Vespasian at the end of the first century and inaugurated by his son Titus in the place where Nero had his sumptuous residence, the Domus Aurea.
The Coliseum, in its origins, was built on 4 levels, each of which there were 80 numbered arches to access the site with a height of 60 meters and a total capacity of 85,000 people. Access was free, but each had its social strata area location. In the arena held the games of 100 days, the fights between gladiators, fighting between animals, the massacres of the early Christians, and even naval battles flooding the arena. When the cruel spectacles were prohibited in the V century, the Coliseum began to gradually lose its prominence and its stones were used in building palaces and other monuments. At present, access to the stadium is limited to the fourth nearest the Roman Forum, it is still possible to contemplate the magnificence of the building, the stairs kept in good condition and the ground under the sand that had to pass by the gladiators, Christians and animals.
Just turn left and down the Via San Gregorio to find about 100 meters access to the Palatine Hill, where you can visit the famous Hot Springs Carracalla. In this pleasant place, where according to legend, Romulus and Remus were suckled by the wolf. Subsequently Romulus founded Rome after killing his brother. In the days of the Republic in this area was where the mansions were built more houses, as the House of Augustus, the house of Livia, his wife, the house of Romulo, Farnesse gardens or the Palace of Flavia.
Descending the hill, the front of the bathroom, reached the entrance to the Roman Forum. This is a vast area of 1.5 kilometers in which are stacked the remains of what was the political, artistic and commercial district of the ancient civilization. This valley was founded 900 years ago to be its main street called the Via Sacra. Is accessed through the Arch of Titus, the oldest preserved, which was erected by Domitian to commemorate the victories of Vespasian and his son Titus over the Jews.
A little about a ten minute walk are the remains of the House of Virgin Vestals, in which six women kept alive the flame of the Temple of Vesta that were found at the bottom of the patio. Behind and lateral to the bottom of the building is the largest of the Forum: The Basilica of Constantine. By all accounts, Miguel Angel was based on its magnificence to design the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica. Opposite the Roman Forum are the remains of the Imperial Forums, in which the various Roman emperors left their mark. The most important is the Forum of Trajan, which was inaugurated in the year 113. It is a closed, which is accessed through an arc, which includes the Basilica Ulpia, two libraries, the Temple of Trajan Divo, an equestrian statue of Emperor Trajan and the Column.
Continuing along the Via Theater Marcello, is the building with the same name which was started by Caesar and completed by Augustus, who dedicated it to his son Marcelo. He was one of the largest Roman theaters, with capacity for about 15,000 people. At present note stresses that its base corresponds.
The ruins of the theater, but the upper floors are apartments.
Near the Via del Corso is the Pamphili Palace, which houses a wonderful gallery with works by Tintorreto, Titian, Caravaggio, Bernini, Velazquez and Bruegel including the old, and his back, opens the Baroque Piazza Navona, a of the most visited places in the city. In the center of the plaza is the most representative work: the Fountain of Four Rivers, built by Bernini in 1651 with the blessings which succeeded Innocent X. Each of the pumps is the rivers Danube, Ganges, Nile, Sea of the Silver. In the center of the fountain stands an obelisk brought from the circus of Maxentius. Reportedly, Bernini said that thanks to the source tapaba the ugly work of his rival Borromini, the Baroque church of Santa Agnese, located in front of her.
Not surprisingly, the stress involved in visiting Rome quickly open the appetite. For the most demanding tastes just remember one thing, Roman cuisine reflects three different culinary traditions: one that is based on seafood, typical of the tradition of the Lazio region, local tradition, with the flesh and as an casquería principal, and the food of the Jewish ghetto in Rome. But surely one cannot but leave the “Eternal City” without tasting its delicious ice cream and it is best to go to Gelateria San Crispino near the Trevi Fountain. There you can enjoy what is known everywhere and find an Italian ice cream, incidentally, that what we are used as such in any ice cream shop outside Italy has nothing to do.
In any case, just one last tip. It is important not to try to see everything on the guidelines because it is always too much. It is better to miss the less traveled streets of the city, enter any church that is on the road, sit quietly and admire without agglomerations, frescoes, architecture, or sculpture.