Puno Travel Guide
“The Folkloric Capital of Peru”
Southern Andes, Altiplano plateau, 3827 m. (12.555 feet)
Weather conditions in Puno:
1315 km (817 miles) from Lima
325 km (201.9 miles) from Arequipa
241.7 miles 389 km () from Cuzco
148 km (91.9 miles) from Desaguadero (border with Bolivia), and 112 km (69.6 miles) from Desaguadero to La Paz (Bolivia).
Tours in Puno:
Puno is the capital of the department of Puno, was founded with the name of Villa Rica de San Carlos de Puno in 1668, by Viceroy Conde de Lemos, to end the problems of possession of the silver mines of the brothers Laicacota Gaspar and Jose Salcedo.
Port on the shores of Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world, with landscapes of indescribable beauty, has been the source and cradle of great civilizations such as prehispanic Tiahuanaco, Collas and the Aymara, and the mythical legend of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo who emerged from the water and went to Cusco to found the capital of the empire of the Incas.
Celebrities are the Uros, ancient people living on artificial floating islands, or the indigenous communities of Taquile and Amantani maintaining their customs and rituals remain unchanged over time, immersed in unique landscapes.
Very close to the city, interesting archaeological sites of pre-Incan cultures, such as chullpas Sillustani within the Ecological Reserve Umayo, Pucara, or old city founded as a Spanish Chucuito, Juli Pomata hosting and jewels of colonial art and architecture, expressed in their temples and churches, which flourished as a result of the fortunes of the silver mines of this region and the Spanish conquest of Paraguay and the Mojos.
Puno has been called the “folkloric capital of Peru” by the richness of its artistic and cultural expression, through dance, have registered more than 300, of 1500 at the national level, indigenous dances reaching its highest expression in celebration of the Feast of Our Lady of Candelaria and the Regional Dance Competition Autóctonas.
The native inhabitants of Puno is the Aymara ethnic group (12.9% of Peru’s population), is the Aymara language. For subsistence in height, average 4000 m (13122 feet), and cold weather have made an excellent adaptation to over many years, the color of their skin is dark, high lung capacity and development of the chest, hold 2 liters more blood than the average high content of red blood cells, which gives them great physical endurance. Many of them are dedicated to the development of fine crafts and fine fabrics in alpaca wool.
On the plains and mountains of Puno is common to find herds of llamas and alpacas, being the area of most intense development of the livestock, creating beautiful panoramas in places devoid of trees and little vegetation.
The highest navigable lake in the world where water sailing trip through beautiful scenery is by taking the snowy background of the Cordillera Real in Bolivia, the lake is within a protected area of natural ecosystems with great biodiversity which is the region high-Andean also can visit the islands of Taquile and Amantani, or make a small cruise ship to Bolivia.
Floating Islands of Uros:
Old Aymara descent, who build their houses on artificial floating islands, they developed over the waters of Titicaca, inhabited in organizations and ancestral customs.
The city of Puno:
The beauty and charm of the city, is a mixture of the typical architecture of buildings in the Andean slopes of the hills to the shores of Lake Titicaca, and its people, humble, poor and kind.
Puno has modest regional archaeological museums as Dreyer Municipal Museum and the Museum of Folk Art in Puno.
About the area of Puno bloomed as ancient pre-Incan Tiahuanaco, Pucara and then the Incas. The best legacy is chullpas Sillustani and fortress and citadel of the Pucara.
Cities of the periphery:
Cities and small towns that flourished on the shores of Titicaca, colonial jewels are outstanding Pomata, Juli and Chucuito.