Jerusalem is one of the most significant land and the holy city par excellence. Both converge in Israel the Jewish religion, like Christianity and Islam, making the city a center of pilgrimage, prayer and of dreams, but also conflict. Strolling through the streets of Jerusalem and meet with mythical places us at a very last time, but if we also find traces of a modern city, with lively shopping areas.
Visiting Jerusalem is a unique experience, because few cities know how to live a balanced between its past and its present. The Holy City takes on their full weight of its history and that is to stroll through its streets and visit its monuments and sacred sites. But the traveler finds a modern, advanced, with commercial areas tailored to the tastes and needs of a current population.
Since the days when King David made this city his capital 3000 years ago, and his son Solomon built the first temple, Jerusalem has changed a lot.
The Old City:
The Old City is the heart of Jerusalem. Within its walls is the Dome of the Rock, considered one of the wonders of the world and a symbol of Jerusalem. Highlights its exquisitely gilded octagonal dome, the beauty of its mosaics and its perfect proportions. Inside that dazzles the visitor by the complexity of the tiles and the play of light filtered through the windows.
Another of the sights not to be missed is the Wall of Lamentations, the name given because of the lamentations over the destruction of the Second Temple Jews. There are also the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, Christianity’s center of Jerusalem and the world’s most revered and considered to be the site of the crucifixion, burial and resurrection of Christ. Inside you will find the last five Stations of the Cross, which include scenes of the last moments of his life, his death and burial.
The Old City also has two unique tours: the Via Dolorosa, which dragged the cross Christ to Mount Calvary, and the Way of the walls, surrounding nearly the entire city.
This part of Jerusalem, one hundred percent Arabic, is not as ancient as the Old City and not as prosperous as West Jerusalem, so it might be less appealing to tourists. However, the possibility of approaching a real world most of which is the Middle East, which is full of frenetic activity. It also has many attractions. This is true of the Rockefeller Museum, with important archaeological collections.
South of Mount Moriah, Mount Ophel houses the City of David, the oldest part of Jerusalem, occupied since the start of Canaanite period. Strata have been discovered in 25 settlements, including the impressive remains of the upper town, where the wealthy lived.
Another must to visit places of great significance for her is the Mount of Olives, which rises in the Kidron Valley, east of the Old City. It is a hill full of churches, chapels and cemeteries, whose summit offers a magnificent view of Jerusalem and all Judea Desert, the Jordan Valley and the mountains of Moab. The mountain is a biblical value, as quoted in the Old Testament and relates to the life of Jesus, as used to walk by this place. On the Mount of Olives we visit a large number of churches as the Chapel of the Ascension, the Pater Noster Church and the Church of All Nations.
We have a modern and prosperous city, not in vain called the New City Israel. Its first inhabitants were moved less than a century and a half from the Old City. Here is the Mount Zion, where is the tomb of David and the room of the Last Supper. In the Christian cemetery at the foot of Mount Zion, is the tomb of the famous Oskar Schindler, known as the most famous non-Jewish Holocaust just to save hundreds of Jews from Nazi extermination camps. It also has the impressive Museum Israel and the Museum Bible Lands.
Visitors to Jerusalem can enjoy the track also has modern Israel. A wide variety of leisure activities to discover: pubs, clubs, fairs and festivals. The streets are filled with international artists at the annual Israel Festival, which takes place between May and June. In August, the arts and crafts to the top of the other side of the walled Old City. In the outdoor theater Hassenfeld can hear symphonies and rock sounds and folck and listen to jazz in cafes and salons.
It is also mandatory walk through its bazaars and shops and taste the cuisine of the restaurants on site.