The attractive Iceland, located northwest of the continent includes, besides the island of Iceland, a few other islands that are in the Atlantic, between Greenland and the rest of the continent. In recent years Iceland has been gaining greater importance and a place among the best European and worldwide destinations most sought after. In its rugged territory may be active volcanoes, geysers, hot springs and deserts of lava. This is compounded by the richness of its folklore, its traditions and its literary history.
While it is possible to travel on a budget, those who plan to travel to know most of the country as possible without spending too much money to put aside some amenities such as hotel rooms and restaurants.
The Icelandic climate is warmer than what we imagine the majority of travelers, this is due to the Gulf from the Atlantic.
In the summer (May-August) temperature ranges from 5 º C at night and 25 º C in the afternoon. Unlike the summer, where there is sunlight all day long, the winter period (November-January) is characterized by its days of only three or four hours of light. At the time of planning a trip is important to note that from August 31 tourism will disappear and the country enters a state of hibernation during which almost closed all accommodations (including youth hostels and campsites), stop operate the buses and the main tourist destinations and places of interest take a break.
There are different entry requirements for those wishing to visit the country. Only tourists who do not require visas of citizens of the USA, Western Europe, Chile and Mexico. The maximum stay allowed from entering the country is three months, however, this period may be extended at local police stations.
The currency is the Icelandic krona (ISK). Anywhere in the country can convert foreign currency at ISK in the three branches of national banks (Íslandsbanki, Landsbanki Ísland and Búnaðarbanki). Most of these branches have ATMs that work even after office hours (Tuesday to Friday from 9:15 a.m. to 4:00 pm). Credit cards are widely accepted for purchases and cash withdrawals. Travelers checks, preferably in U.S. dollars, are accepted by most hotels and banks.
Furthermore, Iceland is a country where the security is not an issue. The only thing of which one must be careful is not to be subjected to a minimum level of juvenile crime or the consequences of climate change, especially during road trips.
As for customs, it is important to note that smoking is prohibited in bars, restaurants and public transport.
Where to go?
Reykjavik (smoky bay) is the capital of the country, besides being the most northerly in the world, differs greatly from other major European cities.
The sights are accessible on foot from the city center. Some of the most interesting destinations that can be found here are the old town, a picturesque area of lakes, markets, parks and museums, the National Museum, an ideal place for those who want to know a little more about the culture and history and Nordic Icelandic. Behind the museum you can visit the Arni Magnusson Institute, this paradise for lovers sagas contain an important collection of works. Of the old city and east of the capital lies the modern city, which also can visit a number of attractions, including the impressive Church of Hallgrímskirkja, inspired by a mountain of lava, and its tower of 75 m in height.
Those seeking to enjoy the nightlife can take a stroll through the bars, nightclubs, theaters and cinemas in the city.
Mývatn, is one of the wonders of the natural world, is located northeast of Iceland. The main attraction of this region is in a beautiful blue lake in which hundreds of birds are concentrated. As if its natural attractions were not enough, this reserve has some of the best climates in the country. Those who want a little rest can do camping at National Park Jökulsárgljúfur, a paradise setting. Another good option is to make excursions to the boiler’s Askja, andalusia Hverfell crater or the ice caves of Kverkfjöll.
In addition, there are two tourist sites in Iceland, which attract a large number of visitors per year with its historical monuments and natural phenomena, Gullfoss and Geysir. The first is a two story waterfall on a sunny day that is celebrated with a rainbow of foam between the waterfalls. To the west lies Geysir, one of the best areas of hot springs throughout the country. Its main attractions are the Great Geysir, which was active from the fourteenth century to century, and Strokkur, which is active at present, this can be checked every three minutes because that is the interval in which fires up to 20 jets m away. Some may see several thermal springs, algae psychedelic, smoky holes and mineral deposits.
Among the festivals that are able to enjoy Independence Day, celebrated with colorful parades, dances and plays outdoors on June 17, the Sjómannadagurinn, party dedicated seamen covered by the first week of July and notable for its demonstration of rescue at sea, fighting skills of rope and swimming. It is also worth to be present on the eve of the Summer Solstice on June 23, in which, according to tradition, who revuelque in the mist, that that day has magical qualities, it will cure 19 health problems . The third Thursday of April is celebrated in Sumardagurinn Fyrsti the first day of summer with a celebration similar to Mardi Gras. Pjódhátíð The festival is a giant bonfire, camping, dancing, singing and alcohol being held in Vestmannaeyjar in August. Finally, in the eighth month, around the country with meetings of entertainment in which Verslunarmannahelgi enjoy barbeque, lots of drinks and horse racing.