Location, Area and Population:
The department of Huancavelica is in the midst of the Sierra south-central part of the country. Presents a topography that places the department among high and snowy mountain peaks, surrounded by deserted punas, gaps lonely but lovely. The vast natural wealth in its mountains, is an important mining region. Bordering Lima, Ica, Ayacucho and Junin.
Lima has an area of 21,079 km ² and a population of nearly 400,000 people.
The capital is the city of Huancavelica. Other major cities are Castrovirreyna, Tayacaja, Acobamba and Angara.
Due to its location, the climate is dry with low temperatures, with an annual average ranging from 5 ° to 8 ° C (41 ° to 46 ° F).
Major attractions of the capital:
Thermal Baths of San Cristobal. These hot springs are one of the main attractions of the city, because they are close to the facilities are comfortable, and their healing properties are very famous. Many people come to treat their illnesses, especially those with skin and joints.
Plaza de Armas. Maintains the traditional colonial structure of the main square and in other cities, with a cathedral, a municipality, a prefecture and the Palace of Justice.
Church of San Sebastian. This church is in the same plaza where the Temple is located in San Francisco. It has beautiful altar carved in fine wood and coated in gold leaf. One of these altars is the image of the Child Lachoc.
Iglesia de Santa Ana, Some say that the construction began in 1590, although the actual date is unknown. This church is home to Colonial Baroque jewelry, shown on the altars with colorful and unique combination of floral decorations.
Arc de Triomphe. A city where General Andrés Avelino Cáceres threshold appeared with his army, after a brilliant win in the campaign Breña.
Dishes and drinks:
Some say that the Huancavelinos and eat plenty of good food. They make good use of the fruits of their land and the meat of their livestock. Most are known for two dishes that are popular today, Pachamanca (barbecue) and tripe (tripe). The first is baked on special occasions, like baptisms, weddings and folk festivals. Prepared with the sheep, goat, goat, pig, guinea pig, and beef, with corn, potatoes, cheese, beans, cheese and humitas. The tripe, cooked the day before, including the white corn or mote, beef, lamb, bacon, dried beef or charqui, and feet, head and belly of the sheep.
Due to the low temperatures, it takes a liquor aguardiente cane (sugar cane) Cañazo called.
On January 6
The Adoration of the Magi. This is a very popular festival in Huancavelica. Different actors representing the scene while walking to the atrium of the Cathedral. Later, the steward (in charge of the festival) is responsible for food and entertainment to all who participated in the ceremony.
La Fiesta del Niño Perdido. Each year a different person, known as the steward, organizer of the celebration. He or she is responsible for hiring the band to be held in honor of the Christ Child. The traditional dance of the Negritos (dancers disguised as black men) takes place along the city streets. These dancers compete to see who did better, reaching the Plaza de Santo Domingo.
February 2. Fiesta de la Virgen de la Candelaria, celebrated in the district of Acobamba.
May. Fiesta de las Cruces. It is an homage to the sacred symbol of the Cross, which is found on different hills in the area. The largest cross in the region is the Cruz de Potocchi, 8 meters (26 feet) high. Among others, Santa Cruz, Cruz del Espíritu, Oropesa Cross, Cross of San Antonio, Balcony Cruz Pata, Cruz Pata, Cruz and Cruz Puyhuan Single. The ceremonies are chaired by Mayoral (wife of the Mayoral).
June 24. Fiesta de San Juan Bautista de Huaytará.
July 16. Fiesta de la Virgen del Carmen, celebrated in Angaraes, and Acobamba Lircay.
July 24. Fiesta de Santiago, where local people come to street dancing and parades Huaynos pace with the tiny (small drum) and horns. The dance groups along the way entertain with delicious hot drinks and lots of mondongo offered by people living in homes that pass by.
August 4. Anniversary of Huancavelica. The commemoration of the Spanish foundation of the city, which is celebrated with a feast at this special night with fireworks. Later, social parades are held in different neighborhoods.
September 14. Feria Regional Acobamba.
September 15. Feast of the Crucified Lord, which is held in Huayllay.
On December 25. Fiesta Children’s Lachoc.
Come to be deep and about the wonderful diversity of Peru!