Riga, capital of Latvia, is situated at the mouth of the Daugava River, near the Baltic Sea. The historic center of Riga was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for the many Art Nouveau buildings, comparable with Vienna, Prague or Barcelona.
Photography by decli
Riga was an ancient establishment of Livonians, which was founded in 1201 by the Bishop of Livonia. Although the city had been created by German merchants in the mouth of the Daugava in 1158. From that moment was one of the most important commercial centers of the Baltic Sea. The city converted to Lutheranism in 1521, and the country became part of Poland, Sweden, and finally in 1710 it was occupied by the Russians. The 1914 was the third city of the Russian empire. In 1918 Russia became independent and formed the capital of the Republic of Latvia. In 1940 the USSR occupied the country by force, and during the 1941 to 1944 he occupied by the Germans and suffered heavy damage and the destruction of most of its Jewish population. From 1945 to 1991 was capital of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic, and since 1991 is again an independent country. (más…)