At the time of its founding, the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas included the extension of a valley, today the city has grown enormously. The capital of Venezuela is very close to the shores of the Caribbean Sea, only separates a majestic mountain, called Cerro El Avila “, a height of 2600 meters. Caracas, birthplace of Simón Bolívar, is a major cultural center, shopping and entertainment.
When Columbus came to land in Venezuela, the Orinoco River (larger than any in Europe) was his great discovery. The sites looked thick forests culminating in tropical beaches. Columbus, in a letter to the Catholic Kings of Spain described the territory it now conforms to Venezuela as “Tierra de Gracia”. The country’s name is attributed to Amerigo Vespucci, who by observing the villagers’ homes, called ‘stilts’, built in the water on wooden stilts, recalled to Venice. Hence the name ‘Venezziola’ (Little Venice). The country’s major cities: Caracas, Valencia, Maracay and Maracaibo, are very close to their coasts, which has about approximately 3 thousand kilometers
Venezuela is divided into 23 federal states, the Capital District (Caracas), Units (more than 311 islands formed islets and cays mostly uninhabited) and the Federal Territories. It has a population of nearly 28 million inhabitants, of whom about 7 million live in the so-called ‘Greater Caracas’ which is composed of cities around the capital like Los Teques, Guatire and Guarenas. Caracas is a city worth visiting, its residents are very open to strangers and enjoy the good life. Sumémosle its climate is mild year round.
The essence of Venezuela is its diversity, and its capital flow the contrasts: large stadiums for baseball players (Venezuela is baseball, nor is any of the South Americans), adjacent to large gardens, as The Botanical which is closer to the Central University of Venezuela declared Cultural Patrimony of Humanity, whose auditorium is chaired by huge flying saucers from Alex Calder.
Caracas was the birthplace of Simón Bolívar. One of its main attractions is to know his birthplace. When visiting the center pins are other Calvary created by French landscape with its beautiful gardens they show the splendor of a Caracas that sounded like Paris. And, of course, also highly recommend visiting the National Cemetery where the remains of national heroes, including the Liberator, and while it contains important works of art, and an enormous Baccarat chandelier and 4,000 pieces 230 lights.
Another activity of great interest is the cable car can climb the Cerro El Avila “where you can access the Hotel Humboldt and other attractions such as the wonderful views of the city on one side and the other Caribbean sea, an ice rink and a people dedicated to tourism and the cultivation of flowers (Galipán). The Cable Car and Hotel were built in the 50s, and less than five years ago were remodeled. The other way is to climb this mountain walking and know their streams, and a wildlife refuge, which makes you forget you are so close to a crowded city.
The Caracas metro, is modern and immaculate it is apparent paradox of concealment Caracas ordered in the bustling underground show in broad daylight, because walking through downtown Caracas is an unforgettable experience, its sidewalks are lined with fruit vendors, records, underwear and more.
In the east of the city imposing modern structures are mixed with spacious parks such as Parque del Este with 82 hectares and was formerly a coffee plantation and sugar cane. The Park entrance cost is low in proportion to all the attractions that have (a lake with boats and replicas of Columbus’s ships, Planetarium, Zoo, Aviarium, Terrarium, among others).
The epicenter of the arts is right in the downtown area of Fine Arts, where the National Film Archive, National Art Gallery, The Museum of Fine Arts, the Caobos Park (with fountains and sculptures), the Museum of Natural Sciences, Teatro Teresa Carreño and Ateneo (bohemian epicenter), with its library and cabinets that could exhibit in a museum, cafes and bars to drink a beer in the evening, as the bar and cafe Ateneo Rajatabla (theater group ). Nearby, in the imposing architectural complex of Central Park are the two tallest towers in the city, who are twins to the former World Trade Center, and below them is the Museum of Contemporary Art in Caracas with his collection of nearly three thousand works, including several Picassos.
In Caracas, as well as cosmopolitan cities lives in a miscellany of traditions, religions and cultures.