On the left bank of the river Vilcanota are the remains of the ancient and beautiful city of Machu Picchu (130 km from Cusco), whose name comes from the Quechua (machu pikchu, “Old Mountain”). There is a railway that leads to the station, bearing the same name of this ancient city, from where road climbs a distance of 8 kilometers.
Full view of the city
Built around the middle of the fifteenth century on a rocky promontory inaccessible mountains linking the Huayna Picchu and Machu Picchu on the eastern slope of the Central Andes in southern Peru. When you ascend to the citadel, you will find suitable premises in which the hotel operates a Machipichu Sanctuary Lodge, serving visitors, hotel with all modern elements essential to good service.
The discovery of this city, dating back to 1912, when the Scientific Committee of Yale University led by Hiram Bingham came to her to make major studios. Among the many ruins that the visitor will admire in this city, which until now lives full of mystery worth mentioning the following: at the top of the city is called the Temple, made of stone walls, on the inside of one of these walls and attached to it is a monolith which some studies are used to make the sacrifices to the Sun god in one side of the small square in which is the Temple, there is a room whose back wall has three windows from which, he believes Bingham, left the three brothers Ayar, cited in one of the legends about the founding of the Inca empire.
The Solar (called Intiwatana) is located on a rock in the center of which stands a stone column which was used to determine the seasons, very similar to that in Pisac and now a bit damaged due to the action of modern vandals.
The palace is a large building comprising two rooms that open their doors to a patio.
The tower is one of the most admirable debris can be seen among the many who are in this area. For its construction has taken advantage of a rock and complete the building blocks that are embedded in the rock with mathematical precision. Inside there are twelve niches built into its walls. For some, this building was never roofed.
Descending from the tower and a few feet away, can see a cave sacred object of worship probably. Many Andean legends and myths are closely linked to these caves, which the Incas as connecting the upper world with the gods of the underworld.
Some data again, this citadel is famous, perhaps the most famous in the world, for many reasons: its beauty, its inaccessibility, the wonder and mystery of its construccion and its beautiful landscapes. Perhaps for these reasons and others Machu Picchu has been considered World Heritage by UNESCO since 1983 and is part of the cultural and ecological group known as the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. On the other hand, recent global competition, has been chosen, with ample merits as one of the New Wonders of the Modern World, ceremony in Lisbon, Portugal on 7 July 2007.